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Literature, Theatre


Wong Kar-Wai innovations the restrictions of genre film, the narrative design and the productivity requirements with the market. Wong’s movies constantly based on Wong’s thinking and bring out the signification. Even though the movie topics are the well-known, but the motion pictures are full of vitality and spirited improvisation.

I have to have a quick study of Wong Kar-wai’s background and concentrate on Wong’s motif and style study and analysis from several films such as ‘As Tears Go By’, ‘Chungking Express’, ‘In the Mood To get Love’ and so forth As ‘In the Disposition For Love’ is my favorite video of Wong Kar-Wai, I have to have a further study on this film and have a much deeper understand about the topic, the function of music, Hong Kong someones living during 60s.


Wong Kar-Wai was born in Shanghai in 1958 and moved to Hk when he was five years old. These five years in Shanghai acquired influenced Wong Kar Wai’s creativity in the films such as the scenes, way of living and so on. The interview by simply New York-based Bomb Journal (Stephen Teo, WONG KAR-WAI P. 50) described the creative unconscious of Wong ‘His daddy was an ex-sailor, who later performed as a club manager, great mother was a housewife. By what could be discerned in Days of Staying Wild in addition to the Feeling for Appreciate, both movies that could be identified as roughly autobiographical, sense of nightclubs, gossiping housewives playing mahjong and living the life of a sailor drifting from a single place to another, are the types of experiences of growing up that are imprinted in Wong’s creative subconscious. ‘ After the graduation in Hong Kong Polytechnic University, he started working in TVB, Hong Kong’s premier TV station being a production helper and received the gratitude from Kam Kwok Leong who is a famous cross-media worker of director, professional and screenwriter in Hk, Wong Kar-Wai accessed numerous creative in order to contributed his ideas to a script. He also worked in different kinds of genres such as comedy, cop thrillers etc . In 1987, Alan Tang Kwong-Wing (famous producer, acting professional and movie director in Hong Kong) identified Wong’s Ability after he wrote the ‘Flaming Brothers’. After that, Alan Tang financed Wong’s initial movie ” ‘As Cry Go By’, it is also the starting point of Wong’s representative career. Alan Tang subsidized Wong once again in 1990 for ‘Days of Being Wild’. ‘Day penalized Wild’ acquired spent 40 million nevertheless the box business office was simply nine mil. Although the container office was disappointed, Wong won the very best Director in Hong Kong Film Award 20 years ago.


Hk cinema is extremely concentrate by entertaining. Scriptwriter will pay more attention to the audiences about their preferences and aesthetic landscapes. Movie’s attractive is the concern for the achievements of the business movies. A lot of the directors are not limited by the nation, nationality, history and religion. Consequently , when the directors are choosing the subject, they will largely focus on the labeling of the movies. Hong Kong theatre can be defined as ‘art with commercial’ or ‘commercial with art’.

After the expansion year by simply year, Hk movie created a fixed story style to get catering to the audiences. Stephen Teo (2005, P. 15) mentioned about the mixture of Hong Kong movies ‘The characteristics of Hong Kong cinema issues the way the industry follows commercial trends besides making films relating to a formula’. Most of the films will follow the timeline to see the story, nevertheless Wong out of cash the secret at that time. ‘Days of Being Wild’ is a very very good example. This individual ignored the narrative regulation of the plan, so they can not only having a wider independence for selecting the varieties and elements, but also make the film became more artificial from this article you can see Wong Kar Wai’s components in the movie. He also breaks the circulation and causal string of Hk cinema’s story structure. In ‘Days to be wild’ is definitely tended to demonstrate people’s day to day life with uncompleted storyline and transformation. ‘Days of Being Wild’ received the spirit from the new trend of Hong Kong cinema.

‘A Better Tomorrow’ and ‘As Holes Go By’

Following five years in 1980, there was a new hot say of ‘Hero Movie’, which started via John Woo’s ‘A Better Tomorrow’. In ‘Hero Movie’, ‘Hero’ means the leader of triad instead of police. The brotherhood in ‘Hero Movie’ replaced the strangeness plot of hoodlum film. The scene in ‘A Better Tomorrow’ was happened in Hong Kong in year 1986, it is everything regarding a man maintains chasing personal loyalty, self-pride, self-confidence and status. The society history usually is not hard in ‘Hero Movie’, it shouldn’t emphasis the contradiction among society and individuals. In ‘A Better Tomorrow’, it is everything regarding the love between father and son, brotherhood, friendship, relationship, injustice and revenge. That created a fairy story of a real ‘Hero’.

Wong’s ‘As Tears Move By’ is the variation of ‘Hero Movie’. The plot of ‘As Tears Go By’ is build-up on the brotherhood of Wah and Take flight under the conundrum between law enforcement officials and triad. Merely, Wong moved the spirit of the brotherhood among Mark ‘Gor’ Lee and Sung Tse-Ho to Wah and Fly in ‘As Tears Go By’ who also shot by simply his buddy at the end. Wah is not only accomplished the brotherhood but as well shows that also ‘Hero’ cannot accomplish superb things gloriously. In these two films, ‘A Better Tomorrow’ is full of idealism of rights and values. Under the the labels with violence, the world in ‘Hero Movie’ is having a definition of great and evil and the desire of proper rights, such as Draw ‘Gor’ Shelter and Sung Tse-Ho will be killing the enemies collectively and passed away eventually with brotherhood, camaraderie and marriage. Scriptwriter arranged them passed away with beauty. It converts Mark ‘Gor’ Lee becomes the main character in the legend. Merely, the Hero’ in ‘As Tears Go By’ can’t. The dead of Wah and Fly not simply breaks the rule of ‘Hero Movie’ and reached the darkish of the persevere of life but as well shows sentiment of anti-heroism.

The position from the female position in ‘A Better Tomorrow’ and ‘As Tears Move By’ are experiencing an obvious different. In ‘Hero Movie’, the function with the female is to set off the masculinity and brotherhood. Yet , the female in ‘As Cry Go By’ doesn’t support a lot to the destiny with the male, nevertheless they acted an essential role between your developments from the relationships. In the event ‘Hero Movie’ praised the brotherhood, ‘As Tears Proceed By’ displays Wong’s persistent of love motif. When the male died, this individual just laid on the street with no glory. Amazingly, the last thing having been thinking was the kiss scene with his appreciate on the street. It shows a rare but normal romantic picture in ‘Hero Movie’. Beneath the treatment of romantic style, it truly is sensitive and imaginative. By ‘As Holes Go By’, we can see Wong’s combined genre and the goal of the theme vision.

‘Chungking Express’

Chungking Express’ may be the third motion picture of Wong Kar Wai. The traditional atmosphere ornamented the movie industry in Hong Kong at that time, nevertheless Wong dared to restructure the genre of crapule movie and romantic video. Generally in gangster videos, police are always upright and gangsters are bad. The dramatic factors are from the justice and interest between police and gangsters.

The first component in ‘Chungking Express’ fractures the narrative rule about police chasing after the gangster. It is about the relationship of the strangers, Police officer 223 plus the unnamed female drug dealer, their relationship seems receiving start although also will always be end rapidly. In part two, Wong possibly cut the part of gangster and make that as a full romantic history between Cop 633 and Faye. Wong had his own explanation for the emotional human relationships in the film (Stephen Teo, Wong Kar-Wai 2005, G. 20) ‘It’s very difficult to describe why a guy likes a female, and the profound feelings among two brothers, and so on. All are very subtle. But I desired to put ahead the proposition that time is the biggest component. ‘Chungking Express’ proved that Wong isn’t only live in his own narcissistic, but likewise the creative imagination in the film that Hk people may feel and appreciate about. It really is valuable that Wong’s becoming loyal to his personal perception of Hong Kong and the people who are surviving in Hong Kong. The modernity in ‘Chungking Express’ is very strong, it makes people believe Wong can easily catch the idea of the mature and teenagers more than various other directors. Wong Kar Wai expressed the loneliness as well as the unstable status of the human relationships about the individuals who are in this town. Wong Kar-Wai said (David Bordwell, World Hong Kong Well-known Cinema and the Art of Entertainment, 2k, p. 283) ‘the two stories are quiet 3rd party. What sets them collectively is that they are love stories. I do think a lot of city people have a lot of emotions nevertheless sometimes they cannot find the folks to express them to’. Is it doesn’t main reason from the success of ‘Chungking Express’.

‘Happy Together’

In 1994, Peter Chan who will be a famous director and producer in Hong Kong and Tsui Hark filmed ‘He’s a woman, She has a man’ and ‘The Lovers’. That started to entail the gay and lesbian elements within a film, but they didn’t have an in-depth explanation of lgbt relationship. Pursuing Peter Chan and Tsui Hark, other directors began filming the similar theme. Homosexual motion picture became a semi-major movie theme in 90s.

Assessing with Wong’s ‘Happy Together’, he discoveries the bias and unfavorable render inside the common gay film in Hong Kong. ‘Happy Together’ is around two Hk people residing in Argentina and describe their very own romantic and emotional phrase. There are many day to day life dialogues and plot style. ‘Happy Together’ ignored the consideration of social sizing by using the position (Argentina) to indicate the axis of the relationship between the heroes.

Comparing while using conservative ambiance in Hong Kong cinema, Wong Kar Wai keeping his experimental creation to the well-known Hong Kong motion picture genre as well as the vision in the theme. The genre of films he had breakthrough discovery are ‘Hero Movie’, gangster movie and semi-popular and controversial video such as homosexual theme. In fact , Wong mixed his personal motif ” ‘the communication among people and people’ into different movie genres, which are having market value and attention-grabber. Genre video is a business package, which included the theme, artistic goal, modern tradition and european culture. Within the commercial package, Wong place his continual theme of human motion and created his own idea and style in Hong Kong Motion picture.


What they are called of Wong Kar-Wai’s films

Every Wong’s movies include a clear term to the audiences even his first film (‘As Holes Go By’) doesn’t have a really strong design of Wong match up against the others. Basically, the invisible meaning lurking behind the movie labels are hard to understand, it is like we already lost each of our way when we first look at the movie name.

Wong is well known, as he doesn’t make a script until the day of shooting. Consequently , it becomes very hard to capture his movies. For example , ‘Chungking Express’ (literal: Chungking Forrest) but you can’t locate the find of forest. ‘2046’ is usually an enigmatic figure. Wong is not only just like start shooting films devoid of complete screenplay but also he recieve more different design.

Wong usually creates the name to get the movie first, but he doesn’t base on the name to consider the storyline. The brand of ‘Chungking Express’ is usually come from the popular building ‘Chungking Mansions’ in Hong Kong. For the reason that Wong was told by his parent when he was young about Chungking Mansions is a terrible building, people and almost everything are very difficult. Chungking Upper end become a secret symbol in Wong’s center. ‘Happy Together’ is in the traditional China translation of your novel ‘The Buenos Aires’ Affair’, which is written byWong’s favorite Argentine writer Manuel Puig. The first appear of ‘2046’ is when ever Chau Mo-Wan is closing the door, plus the number logo on the door is ‘2046’ in ‘In the Mood of Love’. In 1997the copy of sovereignty from British to the PRC occurred. Hk under ‘one country, two systems’ will be ended following 50years. The season after 50 years is 2046. Wong had given 2046 different conscience. In the video ‘2046’, it represents a fantasy community.


Wong includes a strong and sensitive creative sense. He can also very great at choosing different genre of music and applying these people perfectly towards the movie. The background music is just right into the film and staying at audience’s mind.

In ‘Days to be Wild’ and ‘In the Mood of Love’, Wong selected the background music with the style of the sixties and 70s such as the music called ‘In the Mood for Love’ from Zhou Xuan was played by phonograph player machine, the Jazz music ‘Quizas Quizas Quizas’. For matching the theme of martial arts in ‘Ashes of Time’, the music is definitely majestic. Begin from the preliminary ‘A lonesome heart’, this shows the dignified atmosphere and unveiled the feeling in the heart from the agent and the other. ‘Chungking Express’, Faye keeps playing the song ‘California Dreaming’ to insinuate her appreciate of California. Wong utilized ‘California Dreaming’ to tell the will and the imagine Faye. The theme track ‘Yumeji’s Theme’ is a traditional song in ‘In the Mood of Love’. No matter where the tune started, it might spur audience’s emotions. This kind of song appeared seven instances by following the slight alterations between Chau Mo-Wan and Su Li-zhen.


For a film, one of the most instant sense that market will receive can be from the field. Wong realize that and keeping up trying distinct kind of scenes. Wong Kar-Wai has a exceptional preference with the small home in Hk which is a particular feature of the city. Individuals are staying in a narrow space in most of Wong’s motion picture, it is the portrait of the populated community in Hong Kong plus the reflection of the world in Hong Kong people’s cardiovascular system. The character types appeared in Wong’s film, they all had a closed cardiovascular system such as Chau Mo-wan in ‘In The Mood of Love’, Yuddy in ‘Days of Being Wild’, Ouyang Feng in ‘Ashes of Time’, Lai Yiu-Fai in ‘Happy Together’ and Chau Mo-wan in ‘In the Feeling of Love’.

Wong Kar-Wai needs to write the script through the daytime, therefore most of the video scenes takes place at the night time. There were also many rainwater scenes appeared in Wong’s movies. In ‘Days to be Wild’, once Lulu sees that Yuddy gonna Philippine only, she strolls under the weighty rain. In ‘Chungking Express’, when cop663 is waiting for Faye inside the pub, the rain was pouring. In ‘In the Mood of Love’, Chau Mo-wan and Su-Li-zhen were waiting together when it was raining.

‘In the Mood for Love’

The start of ‘In the Mood for Love’, Chau Mo-Wan couple and Su Li-Zhen few live incredibly closed to each other, they will go to landlord at times. Inside the filter space, people suppose to become closer, just like Mrs Chau and Mr Chan started to be more romantic (betrayal). Yet , Chau Mo-Wan and Ms Su started out having the alienation to their associates. At the same time, the alienation makes Chau and Ms Tu become deeper. Wong Kar-Wai deliberately place two family members together then use the emotions between visitors to people to re-organize and arrange their interactions.


Su Li-Zhen is a common Chinese female. She doesn’t always have any focus on in her life that she would like to achieve. Living and her husband are everything. Once her partner cheated on her, she didn’t know what the lady should do. After, she begun to put her mind to a new man Chau Mo-Wan who have also drawn by this stunning woman. Ms Su inside the movie is always wearing multi-colored Cheongsam, which is not only a conventional Chinese characteristic, but likewise the performance of Hard anodized cookware women’s physique beauty. Cheongsam is a particular dress for woman who also loves beautyin Hong Kong and China. Yet , there are different clothing options in 60s, but Bill Chang and Wong Kar-wai did not choose other outfits for her. Ms Su with Cheongsam may be the woman that Chau Mo-Wan loves to find ” a high class and unique woman. This is the normal development of film production company, which demonstrates that Ms Su is a tradition of asian, and tempting deviant girl. Cheongsam also leading the way of the film. When we check out Ms Su’s move, we can see the rhythm of the film. We are not merely can listen to Nat California king Cole’s performing but as well we can ‘listen’ Ms Su’s steps. Her pace can be described as proper means of jazz which can be created by her high heel shoes, omega hairstyle and knee-length cheongsam. We cant begin to see the rhythm in the event that she is in a very shirt and a throuser. Cheongsam is a representative wear 60s and Nat King Cole is definitely the popular Jazz singer at that time as well and gather every scenes, props and music, we know this kind of film is precisely about sixties. Moreover, ‘Wonton’ (a traditional dishes in Hong Kong and Shanghai) and Cheongsam would be the most agent icons of Shanghai. The stitching in Shanghai in china is the best around China. In 60s, most of the trailors will be from Shanghai. It is a tiny build of Shanghai in this Hong Kong film when Ms Su is wearing a cheongsam and buying a few Wonton for her dinner. Whenever we look at Ms Su’s cheongsam, we realised that time can be changing: functioning, buying food, hanging out and so forth The timeline in the film is not really by order. These are the fragments of her existence, we noticed that there is something building up between Chau Mo-Wan and Ms Su.


The structure with the soundtrack is starts from Chau Mo-Wan’s dialogue and ended simply by Ms Su’s dialogue which are exactly the same software. Secondly, pursuing by Shigeru Umebayashi’s ‘Yumeji’s Theme’ plus the music on the middle of the video plays by order and prefectly match the film. When you listening the soundtrack, it is as you are seeing the movie as well. Mentioned previously of the ‘Yumeji’s Theme’ which can be the soul of the whole film. This played whenever when the main characters appear, over and over through the entire film. The scene of Chau Mo-Wan was having dinner with Ms Tu, the restaurant was playing Nat King Cole’s track. When Ms So informed the secret which usually Chau Mo-Wan already known, the shot moves from right to backside sliently and directed to Chau’s face. As well, it takes on the music ‘Te Deseo Dijiste’. The fast rhythm of the beginning of the song is a lot like telling the Chau’s mental reaction. Later, Nat California king Cole’s music played once again and the field changed to the cigarette on Chau’s side. There are many depth plot like this in the film including when two primary characters had been ordering the meals in the cafe. When the camera pan quickly between Chau and Ms So , Nat King Cole’s song continue to played slowly and presented the uncertain between two main character types. Nat California king Cole is usually Wong’s single mother’s favourate Jazz singer. Individuals three music which found in the movie had been the most popular tracks at that time. In addition , ‘In the Mood intended for Love’ as well contained a lot of classic opera such as Cantonese opera, Shaoxing safari. They are traditional and valuable. In 50s, there is a declaration called ‘Radio Play’. It is not diffcult to find the effection of ‘Radio Play’ in the movie. The sounds were in the past and played through the radio to present. It the actual song be a little more attractive and effective. Galasso Michale, the background music director in ‘Chungking Express’ also included to the production of the soundtrack. He created two music for ‘In the Feeling For Love’ and there are three to four versions of each and every song. Coordinating with Nat King Cole’s Jazz, this achieves an outstanding affection.

The moments

There is a fantastic and significant scene. The scene is about Chau-Mo Wan is pretending he is leaving Ms Su, and Ms Su cried because the girl with not happy to lost Chau. The scene appeared a couple of straight lines, which are the pubs, because the camera is shown through the bars to Chau and Ms Su and it is like they can be trapped in a cage, and lost their particular freedom. It is exactly the same with them scenario ” a married guy and a married girl. Under the old-fashioned society in 60s, they can be living with hidden shackles. They lost the liberty to love publicly and in addition they can only live under the pain. On the other hand, Wong used mirrors several times to show the relationship between entity and virtual body system. This romantic relationship reflected the other factors of Chau and Ms Su flawlessly. When Chau and Ms So had been writing the martial art new in the motel, the looking glass reflected the virtual physique of Chau and Ms So. They were have a short-term good time with self-indulgence. In 60s, persons cant become who they need to be or perhaps do what they want. Chau and Ms Su can only reduce their feelings.

Bottom line

Wong Kar-Wai made a fantastic contribution to the Hong Kong video industry. This individual changed the conventional narrative approach of Hk movies, increasing the personal components and more specific to the local culture and life conditions. The breakthrough discovery of the ‘Hero Movie’ genre is an important starting point in Wong’s career. This individual also added the components of female into the movies. Brotherhood in Wong’s approach, ‘Hero’ can expire without beauty, but they also have the feeling of take pleasure in such as the last scene in ‘As Cry Go By’. Afterward, Wong had attempted different sort of genre, just like ‘Chungking Express’ and ‘Happy Together’. His work can be consistently with regards to a theme: between people and communication.

Wong is very well at using the music expressing the feelings of the primary characters. The background music in the movies is not only the background music, it is also a crucial tool pertaining to bringing audiences into the video and impacting their emotions. ‘California Dreaming’ in ‘Chungking Express’, the song ‘In the Feeling for Love’ which is sing by Zhou Xuan was played by phonograph participant machine plus the jazz music ‘Quizas Quizas Quizas’ in ‘In the Mood to get Love’ etc .

‘In the Mood pertaining to Love’ is among the most representative film of Wong Kar-Wai. It presented place to place in 60s including home for that pet, thoughts, fashion and daily lifestyle. Cause by the liveable space in Hong Kong is filter, it improved the closeness between the neighbours. They will enjoy mahjong, having dinner with each other and aiding each other. It is just a very great reflection in the special lifestyle in Hong Kong. For the style, Cheoungsam is usually fully indicated the beauty of Oriental women and likewise the best manifestation of traditional Chinese tradition. Under the old-fashioned ideology in 60s, persons can’t love the one they would like to love, they can only enjoy the time privately like the landscape when Chau Mo-Wan and Su-Li Zhen were composing the martial art novel with each other.

Today, many Hong Kong’s independent art films and you will see Wong’s style also in some industrial movies, yet most of them will be the simple duplicate, which are deficiency of creativities. Wong Kar-Wai’s film may not signify the whole film industry although he did point out the continuing future of the Hk cinema.




Sophie Teo, (2005) WONG KAR-WAI. United Kingdom: The Cromwell Press.

Stephen Teo, (1997) Hk cinema: the excess dimensions. London: BFI Creating.

Peter Redhead, (2005) MODERN FILM OWNERS: WONG KAR WAI. Usa State of America: Selection of Our elected representatives Cataloging-in-Publication Info.

Cheuk, L. T. (2009) Hong Kong New Wave Theatre: 1978 ” 2000. Bristol: Intellect.

Stokes, Lisa Odham, Hoover, Michael (1999) City on fire: Hong Kong cinema. London: Verso.

Poshek Fu, David Desser, (2000) Cinema of Hong Kong: Record, Arts, Personality. Cambridge: The Cambridge School Press.

Laikwan Pang, Working day Wong, (2005) Masculinities and Hong Kong theatre. Hong Kong: Hk University Press.

Wimal Dissanayake, Dorothy Wong, (2003) Wong Kar-Wai’s Ashes of time. Hong Kong: Hong Kong College or university Press.

Web page:

Esolution. ‘In the Feeling for Love’ Available at: http://www.wkw-inthemoodforlove.com/eng/homepg/homepg.asp (Accessed: 13 April 2011)

Robert Meters. Payne. (2001) Jump Slice Website. Offered at: http://www.ejumpcut.org/archive/jc44.2001/payne%20for%20site/wongkarwai1.html (Accessed: 14 Apr 2011)

‘Michael Galasso Music’ Available at: http://www.michaelgalasso.com/#home (Accessed: 14 April 2011)

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Topic: Hong Kong,

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Published: 12.26.19

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