Though there are several ‘models’ of handicap that have been talked about and described recently, two of the most regularly mentioned ‘models’ of disability are the ‘social’ and the ‘medical’ models of impairment. The medical model of handicap sees impairment as a ‘problem’ that the disabled person offers. Something that is usually to be treated, mitigated or even remedied. It is not looked at as something that influences, or may be the business of other people. Among the this would be, students with strolling difficulties who uses a wheelchair is unable to get into a building because there are steps up to the door, the medical model says that this problems with using the wheelchair and may even look at different ways of making the student more mobile phone, rather than a issue with the design of home.
The medical model look at is based inside the opinion the fact that difficulties of disability needs to be carried completely by the individual who is incapable and that that disabled person should make the extra work (perhaps over time and/or money) so that that they can do not hassle other people.
An example of the medical version approach could possibly be: –
A practitioner not producing materials in a bigger font for a visually impaired student. What this means is student are unable to participate in the class discussion;
The in the sociable model of impairment is that it sees a flight of steps as the problem that really needs addressing. The social model sees the idea that society is a thing that disables people ” by for example arranging and developing buildings to fulfill the requires of the many people who might not have disabilities. The social unit maintains that we now have many things that society can do to change, reduce and address or perhaps reduce, and remove, several the problems that are designed into society, and that it is the responsibility of world, rather than the incapable person. The social version is more specially in its strategy. Consideration has as to how disabled persons take part in activities on an equivalent basis with nondisabled people. Adjustments are produced, even if this requires time and money, to make sure that disabled individuals are not ruled out. The responsibility is onthe practitioner to ensure that their activity is accessible to any or all their pupils. An example could be: –
A practitioner who meets which has a visually damaged member of the group prior to beginning of a course to find out how literature can be tailored so that the student can read it and engage in the class debate.
You may also be thinking about the following: charitable trust model of impairment