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Stand of Content | | History of SET| 1| Business of SET| 1| Vision & Mission| 1| Regulating Framework of the Capital Market| 2| Operations| 3| Table of Governors| 3| Management| 4| SET’s Role| 5| Corporate Governance Center| 6| Products and Services| 6| Income Structure| 12| Financial Events that Impact SET| 12| SET plus the World Stock Exchange| 15| SET and Asian Share Exchanges| 16| Comparison of SET, SGX and NYSE| 17| Index Composition Comparison between SGX and SET| 18| Stock Index Comparison| 18| Future approach of SETConclusion| 2022| Stock market of Thailand History of the Stock Exchange of Thailand

The ultra-modern Thai Capital Market was started in 1961 when Thailand implemented the first five-year National Economic and Social Development Strategy. It helps the promotion of financial growth and stability as well as develops the Kingdom’s lifestyle. After that, the 2nd National Financial and Sociable Development Program (1967-1971) suggested to set up a great orderly investments market in order to gather additional capital to aid Thailand’s industrialization and economic development.

The current Thai capital market can be divided into two phases, “The Bangkok Inventory Exchange” that was privately possessed and “The Securities Exchange of Thailand”.

The BSE finally halted operations inside the early 1971s because of a not enough official federal government support and a limited entrepreneur understanding of the equity industry Establishment from the Stock Exchange of Thailand Inspite of the failure of the BSE, the concept of an organized security industry had attracted a lot of Thai people attention. In 1969, because recommended by the World Financial institution, the government bought the services of Mentor Sidney M. Robbins via Columbia School to study the development channels from the Thai capital market.

In 1972 the Government took a further help this direction by simply improving the “Announcement with the Executive Authorities No . 49 on the Control over Commercial Companies Affecting Open public Safety and Welfare”. The changes were allowed Government to regulate more within the operations of finance and securities companies. After that, in 1974, “The Securities Exchange of Thailand” (SET) was enacted enabling the purchase to save in the capital industry. By 1975, the basic legal framework was in place as well as the Securities Exchange of Asia officially started trading.

On January you, 1991 its name was officially changed to “The Stock Exchange of Thailand” (SET). Vision Strengthening business and investors through our strong points to match the right financial options Mission Clientele and Intermediaries “Expand organization issuers and investor foundation by rewarding their economic needs and strengthening intermediaries for common growth and success Product or service “Offer an array of attractive products and services to create benefit and meet financial options across distinct segments of business and investors Businesses Operate with flawless setup according to international specifications to ensure effectiveness, effectiveness, versatility and global connectivity People and Tradition “Inspire staff to perform up to their maximum potential and create a corporate culture that aims at obtaining excellence in matching the right financial chances for business and investors Regulating Framework of the Capital Industry The Investments and Exchange Act of 1992 (SEA), specified the Securities and Exchange Commission rate (SEC) since the regulator of the Thai Capital Market.

While the SEC oversees the introduction of the Kingdom’s capital industry, the Bank of Thailand (BOT) is responsible for the country’s market bourse. Primary Market The SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION’S looked over a company that really wants to issue new securities, a primary public supplying (IPO) or perhaps additional securities to the community. The company must first apply for SEC acceptance and abide by its processing requirements. In that case, the SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION’S is required to review the monetary status and operations of the company before allowing the firm to issue investments to the public. Secondary Market

Securities could possibly be traded in the secondary industry once the company has sent applications for and recently been approval by SET. Businesses The Stock Exchange of Asia is a juristic entity that was set up under the Investments Exchange of Thailand Action, B. At the. 2517 (1974). Operations started out on The spring 30, 75. Its primary operations consist of securities real estate, supervision of listed firms and information disclosure, trading, market security and affiliate supervision, info dissemination and investor education. Moreover, their duty is to promote keeping and long-term financial planning for developing our economy.

SET is actually a center to get trading of listed securities without releasing any income to associates. Board of governors Regulating Framework The SET Table of Governors is comprised of a maximum of 11 people, five of who are appointed by the SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION’S, and five who happen to be elected by SET associates. The ESTABLISHED President, equiped by the Panel, is an ex-officio person in the Plank. The Panel is also responsible for formulating the SET plans. Management The organizational chart of ESTABLISHED can be classified into two major parts which are Exchange Function and CMDF Function.

Each function’s organizational composition can be seen below. | | SET’s Role The Stock Exchange of Asia has been continuously improved the management system of listed Thailänder companies to have good governance. SET was started to study about the rolesof taxation committee in 1995 before the financial crisis. From then on, it granted a listing requirement indicating that all listed businesses have an examine committee at the begining of 1998. Because year, the SET also issued a suggestion namely “Code of Guidelines for Company directors of Shown Companies” to become guild position of taxation committee.

Two years later, the excellent Corporate Governance Committee, including representatives by a variety of specialist organizations, displayed a report upon corporate governance which established a platform to be used by organizations in the Thai capital marketplace for producing good company governance devices and practices. The Thai government selected the “Compass for Good Corporate Governance” and place up the Countrywide Corporate Governance Committee (NCGC). In the same year, ESTABLISHED also recommended fifteen guidelines of good company governance for listed firms to implement.

The detailed companies have to apply the fifteen concepts and are necessary to demonstrate within their annual sign up statement (Form 56-1) and annual reports starting from the accounting period ending 12 , 31, 2002. In This summer 2002, the SET has generated the Corporate Governance Center to help listed firms develop all their corporate governance system. The middle provides asking services to and exchanges ideas regarding corporate governance practices with directors and executives of listed corporations, as well as the ones from firms preparing to be listed companies.

Business Governance Middle Background The SET has built the Corporate Governance Center to compliment listed firms. It motivates the company to have good corporate governance and stakeholders consist of shareholders, suppliers, customers, collectors, employees, plus the community and so forth Corporate Governance Center builds to have self confidence investment in Thai capital market which in turn support the knowledge about company governance like the developing good corporate governance system and practices.. The Center of asking service Supplying advises and exchange thought about company governance practices with company directors and executives of outlined companies and also those of companies preparing to end up being listed corporations. 2 . Corporate Governance Self Assessment Analysis was then the rule of listing company several. Producing and disseminating a number of information and materials while guidelines. 5. Holding actions to help educate listed companies’ directors and executives. Services and products

One of the SET’s missions is always to “Offer a wide range of attractive products and services to create worth and meet financial possibilities across distinct segments of business and investors.  SET offers continuously created new products and services and improved the program to satisfy needs of the shareholders. SET group supervises trading activities and market individuals to ensure that industry is fair, orderly, and transparent. These products and companies of ARRANGED are while following. Item The products that SET presents can be categorized into a few major groups, equities, you possess, derivatives, exchange-traded fund (ETF), and type warrants.

A lot more details of each type are reviewed as following. 1 . Equities Equity trading is a trading of securities released by community companies exactly where shareholders have a direct share in the firm as well as the directly to vote in shareholders’ conferences. The secondary markets intended for equities trading are The Stock Exchange of Asia (SET) and Market for Alternative Expenditure (MAI). Types of equities are normal shares, preferred share, arrest warrants, unit concentration, non-voting depository receipt, and depository receipt (DR). SET and IN NESSUN CASO are different regarding the types of equities traded.

On SET, buyers can transact all types of equities, whereas about MAI preferred shares and depository receipt (DR) are certainly not traded. Market for Alternate Investment or perhaps MAI began in Summer 1999 to be able to encourage small firms with potential high growth and innovation. IN NESSUN CASO serves as a brand new fund-raising source for this sort of firms and new alternative investments for traders who are interested. The perspective of IN NESSUN CASO is “We strive to end up being the right and efficient exchange creating worth for large potential, progressive and ventures companies in ASEAN.  The key values of MAI should be focus, accountable, networking, zealous, and innovative.. Bonds After having a bond is issued and sold in the primary market, the bond may be electronically bought and sold through Bond Electronic Exchange (BEX), where investors can purchase and sell you possess. The market was first launched in November twenty sixth, 2003, and its goal is usually “to develop all areas of the Thai bond marketplace to reach an international standard, in par to mature bond markets in the rest of the world. 3. Derivatives Derivatives will be traded through Thailand Futures Exchange or perhaps TFEX which was established on, may 17th, 2004. TFEX play a big position in Thailand economy in stabilizing and sustaining economic market and corporates.

Derivatives are used to safeguard companies via unanticipated change of fundamental assets which can be the raw material with the company. Quite simply, TFEX enables investors to hedge all their risk through the use of derivative items. TFEX provides continuously launched new products being traded out there. Up to the present, TFEX contains a total of 11 items in five categories, which can be equity, rate of interest, precious metal, energy, and forex. First category, equity derivatives have a total of 4 types, that are SET 40 Index Futures and options, SET 55 Index Options, Sector Index Futures, and Single Inventory Future.

Second, derivatives which might be traded on interest rate are 3-Month BIBOR Futures, six-month THBFIX Futures, and 5-Year Government Connection Futures. Third, derivatives to get precious metal are 10 Baht Gold Futures and options, 50 Baht Gold Options contracts, and Silver prices. Forth, derivative on strength price is Brent Crude Oil Futures. Fifth, the currency type is CHF Futures. 4. ETF Exchange-traded fund or ETF is an open-ended mutual account which is traded on the stock market. Through broker agents, ETF investors can buy then sell at any time through the trading hours at the prevailing price when the order is usually executed.

The main difference among normal shared funds and ETF is the fact mutual account is normally traded via property management company or a pay for issuer at the end of the trading-day while ETF has real-time NAV or Indicative NAVIGATION which is calculated throughout the trading hours. By using designated market maker or liquidity service provider, it allows investors to trade on the market price whenever you want. ETF is a passive administration fund because it basically invests in a bag of fundamental stocks which may be SET 50 Index, a stock sector index, commodity index and commodity value such as gold price and oil price.

Generally, ETF is the replicate of the stock index, making the price and supervision fee reduce for ETF. In contrast, shared fund much more active producing the cost of management more expensive as well. 5. Type Warrants (DW) Derivative Police warrants give the holder right to purchase a stock or perhaps an underlying protection at the pre-determined price in the stated period for certain volume. The issuer of type warrant is a third party, not really the company of the actual securities. Justifies and Type Warrants will vary in many aspects, as demonstrated in the subsequent table Services 1 . Info service

Because of SET complete, accurate and up-to-date supply of Thai outlined companies information, SET supplies information services for customers who would like to access and disseminate trading or outlined company details either with commercial or perhaps non-commercial purpose. Major buyers of this assistance are member companies, data vendors, pushes, academic acadamies, mutual money, governmental agencies and basic investors. COLLECTION Information Support is grouped into 3 categories, a. Datafeed (raw data for further application) n. SETSMART or perhaps SET Industry Analysis and Reporting Application c.

IR website service for SET listed companies 2 . Listing service on ESTABLISHED Companies which can be interested in list itself upon SET have to meet a large number of rules and regulations. Becoming a listed organization gives the company many advantages. The company could have a larger supply of long-term capital that is crucially important to boost its operation, expansion and competitiveness. The business will have a better and positive public image due to the high regular and openness giving the company with higher bargaining electric power and industry’s credibility. Program fees| Primary fees| Total annual fees| | THB 50, 000| zero. 5% of paid-up capital ( With minimum and maximum of THB 100, 000 , THB 3, 000, 000 )| Regressive price varies while using level of paid up capital as follows: | less than| THB 200 M. | at 0. 035 % of paid-up capital| THB 200 M. | &lt, Capital&lt, | THB you, 000 Meters. | by 0. 030% of paid-up capital| THB 1, 1000 M. | &lt, Capital&lt, | THB 5, 500 M. | at zero. 025% of paid-up capital| THB 5, 000 M. | &lt, Capital&lt, | THB 10, 000 M. | in 0. 020% of paid-up capital| | more than| THB 10, 000 Meters. | by 0. 010%of paid-up capital| (With bare minimum and maximum of THB 60, 000 , THB a few, 000, 000)| 3. Institutional service

Normally, investors may trade through Internet trading and placing your order via promoting, but ESTABLISHED also provides a special service of institutional investors. With a Direct Market Access or perhaps DMA, a part can allow the customers to use this securities trading method. First, member has to receive permission from the Exchange, then the affiliate will be able to let their customers to trade through the DMA program. Only Computerized Order Corresponding or AOM is allowed to use in DMA system. Besides from DMA, institutional investors could also trade through Program Trading that is trading software that could automatically produce and send orders.

Brokers are allowed to use this program to follow various strategies such as market-making strategy, accommodement strategy, VWAP, TWAP, Volume level Inline, Value Inline. Revenue Structure Financial Events that Affect SET Believe it or not, we have a saying that economic and financial disaster will happen in some way somewhere every single 10 years. To date, we have viewed many of these entrée within the last ten years whether it absolutely was the Great Major depression in 1929, the Oil Crisis in 1973, the Latin American Debt Problems in 1980s, the Collapse of the Western Asset Price Bubble in 1990s, the Asian Financial disaster in 1997, and the U.

S. Subprime Mortgage Catastrophe in 2007 that lead to a global Financial Crisis at present especially in the European Zone. All these are main events that could no doubt impact the performance of SET and also other stock marketplaces around the globe. We all will talk about the effect of the financial crisis after the year 1972 which was when the initiative to create SET was started. The Oil Turmoil in 1973 did not impact SET very much since the establishment was not founded yet but the crisis somewhat made the Thai federal government to think about the energy security from the country.

Five years after Petroleum Expert of Thailand was founded to solve this concern. The Latin America Debts Crisis in 1980s significantly affects our economy of the countries in that region and would post some effect on our economy in our area. The market increased of SET went down by THB 33. 08 billion dollars in 1978 to THB twenty three. 47 billion in 1981 before it rebounded returning to THB thirty four. 79 billion in 1983 where it continued to expand quickly. In fact the industry capitalization of SET double during 1988-1989. The next key financial crisis may be the Collapse of the Japanese Advantage Price Bubble in 1990s that is more than likely to influence our economy.

Surprisingly the Japanese crisis did not have an adverse impact on Thailand but rather provide us with the prospect. SET stats shows that throughout the early nineties, the market capitalization continuously widened from THB 613. 5 billion to THB three or more. 56 trillion. This come from the reality Thailand was one of the five tigers during those times so having Japan slipping, investors transferred their capital to Thailand where it absolutely was safer. Thailand continued to grow in term of GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT and capital investment until 1997 if the Asian Financial Crisis took place.

COLLECTION lost 28. 19% of its industry capitalization in 1996 and lost 55. 7% more in 1997 when the government announced to float the currency. ARRANGED could not restore to their original prosper period until 2003. In 1990, Southeast Asia was an attractive place for foreign investor who looked for any high rate of come back. As a result, there exists a large capital inflow involving and an ever-increasing in advantage price. The expansion rates inside the early 1990s were up to 12% of GDP, leading analysts to refer to the sensation as the “Asian Tigers and “Asian Economic Miracle. Thailand’s economy developed into a bubble supported by sizzling money. Simultaneously, Thailand ran huge deficits. They lent quite a bit of money externally and keep their own interest levels fixed which led to extreme exposure to forex risk. Overseas investors turned away from Asia. Higher US interest rates valued the dollars up, which in turn made Southeast Asia’s export products less competitive. International buyers withdraw credit, therefore , ASEAN governments increased interest rates and bought up excess home money employing foreign reserves.

As a result, the governments’ central banks started running out of international reserves since they want to keep the region appear attractive. Yet , in 1997, Thailand’s authorities decided to drift the baht. Regional foreign currencies depreciated and so liabilities denominated in terms of foreign exchange grew more expensive in domestic conditions. Entire monetary sectors melted down and individuals fell in poverty. Stock markets and currencies speedily devalued. In 2008, the bursting with the U. H. housing bubble which peaked in 2006 brought on the principles of secureness tied to U. S. eal estate charges to plummet affecting banks globally. The financial crisis was incurred due to a complex of government policies that encouraged possessing. Government provided an easy access to loans to subprime debtors and overvalue of sub-prime mortgages based on the theory that housing rates would carry on and escalate. We have a lack of satisfactory capital loge from banking companies and insurance firms to again the monetary commitments. Therefore, Banks had been solvency and declines in credit availableness which destroyed investor self confidence.

Economies around the world slowed during this period and international trade declined. Since the U. S. is among the largest financial systems in the world, that leads to a global crisis exactly where Europe is currently in a big trouble. U. S. continues to be trying very difficult to recover wherever Greece and a lot of countries inside the European Community are encountering difficulty. Although, our economy is depending on those parts, we are quite immune to their fallback. ESTABLISHED market capitalization is still growing inspite of some variances from time to time in answer to globe events and news. Today SET marketplace capitalization stands at THB 10. almost eight trillion. By important situations I point out above, there exists a link between Thai economic climate and a new economy. In the event that there was a world economic crisis, it would have impact in the ESTABLISHED index. We have to learn from the experience and try to prevent the problems beforehand. Nevertheless , in the present, Thailänder economy is definitely started to improve a bit with a bit because of a stability of political circumstance, which make buyers feel more confidence. Furthermore, in 2015, there is an AEC which will support Hard anodized cookware economy and the SET index will believe that to be elevated then. ESTABLISHED and the Globe Stock Exchange

Stock Exchange of Thailand (SET) is considered to be very youthful given it begun in 75 comparing for the oldest stock market that started in 1602. The most well-known is the Amsterdam Stock Exchange established by the Dutch East India Company to get dealings in the printed stocks and shares and provides. It was consequently renamed the Amsterdam Bourse and was the initial to technically begin trading in investments. It is now generally known as Euronext Amsterdam after it merged with the Brussels Stock Exchange and the Rome Stock Exchange. Obviously, stock exchange has existed for a long time to be able its improvements.

Thus, ESTABLISHED still has far to go in developing on its own and to inform Thai investor about hundreds of financial products out there. Comparing Started other inventory exchanges around the globe, especially those using firm establishment, you observe one massive difference. Our record high market capitalization (THB 9. forty-four trillion) is a lot smaller because we have only 545 firms listed on the exchange. This quite simply means that there are fewer major brands in Thailand that are well-researched and required to raise account through the capital market.

However , this number has been raising steadily while our overall economy expands. Other than the size, we can say that ARRANGED has the operating-system that fulfill the international common, which permits trading to be efficient, equitable and fluid. Yet , the way every single stock exchange runs internally differs from the others and this has nothing to do with size. Founded stock exchanges usually present many lending options other than stock such as choices, derivative, and bonds. These financial products get their own industry where entrepreneur can transact such as TFEX or AFET.

Since these are generally relatively new items in Thailand and a few investors really know how to trade them correctly, SET is constantly holding program to educate Thai investor about these products. At present, the volume exchanged on these items is still low and not incredibly liquid. Consequently , SET continues to be acting just like a school to teach new investor in whatever product they would like to trade. In Thailand, all markets will be subsidiaries of SET except the Agricultural Futures Exchange of Asia (AFET). ESTABLISHED and Hard anodized cookware Stock Exchanges

We previously compared SET to the world stock market in the previous section. Now we will even more compare SET to other stock exchange in East Asia. The oldest stock market in this region is definitely the Tokyo Stock Exchange (TSE) that was established in 1878 then Stock Exchange of Hong Kong (SEHK) which was set up in 1891. These two share exchanges will be among the top 12 of the world in term of market capitalization. Another stock exchange that began early in this area is the Korea Stock Exchange (PSE) in 1927.

Since the primary economy has been in either america of America or Europe, the share exchanges in those areas are established earlier than individuals in Asian countries. Later on, our economy was slowly and gradually shifting toward the Asian countries where labor cost is much lower and there are even more natural methods to explore and exploit. Growing economy in Asian region bring many big multinational companies in to the region along with bringing in even more capital and technologies intended for the local companies to broaden their business in the region and in the global level. Stock exchanges then develop according to this economic change.

Thailand started the effort back in 1962 with the Bangkok Stock Exchange. Irrespective of its well-intended foundation, the BSE was rather sedentary and do not succeed the mission. Down the road, the Second National Economics and Social Development Plan had been proposed and studies were conducted about the capital marketplace in Asia. By 1975, Securities Exchange of Thailand officially started out trading before the name was changed to Stock Exchange of Asia. Comparing the of the stock exchange in the region, ESTABLISHED was founded at about the same time as the Singapore Exchange (1973).

According to the market development in this region, Thailand is just about the second band of countries that includes a formal stock market. Surprisingly, the youngest inventory exchanges in the area are the Ho Chi Minh Stock Exchange (2005), the Laos Stock Exchange (2011), and the Cambodia Securities Exchange (2011). Even as we already mentioned the fact that development moves hand in hand while using economic advancement each region, SET is more clearly even more developed comparing to the Japanese, Laos, or Cambodian comparable version. Comparison of ARRANGED, SGX and NYSE

After we have reviewed about the general viewpoint of stock exchanges of Asia and those of other countries, a more in depth information about diverse stock exchanges is confirmed in the assessment table beneath. Here, we choose to assess SET with Singapore Exchange and Nyse in different factors including trading hours, listing fee, numbers of listed firms, listing requirement and instruments. | SET| SGX| NYSE| Trading hours| 9. 30-T1(anytime from 9. 55-10 am)T1-12. 30: Trading12. 30-14. 00: BreakT2-16. 35: Trading16. 30-T3 (anytime by 16: 35-16: 40)17. 0- CloseTrading hours: approx. a few hours| on the lookout for am ” 5 pm No breaks in between Trading hours: almost eight hours| being unfaithful. 30 am ” some. 00 evening ESTTrading hours: 7. your five hours| List fees| MainboardApplication fees: THB 50, 000Listing Fee: Minimum: THB 95, 000Maximum: THB 3, 000, 000Annual Fee: Minimum: THB50, 000Maximum: THB 3, 000, 000Fees: Cheapest| Mainboard: Lowest: SGD 50, 000Maximum: SGD100, 000Annual Cost: Min: SGD 25, 000Max: SGD 100, 000Fees: Moderate| Mainboard: Minutes: USD100, 000Max: USD150, 000Annual fee: Minutes: $30, 000Max, $85, 000Fees: Most Expensive| Number of real estate firms| 591| 774| A lot more than 8000|

Record requirements| Open public offering: * In operations for at least three years * Same management for at least one year 5. Combined lowest net earnings from businesses of THB 50 mil over the last two or three years 5. Net benefit from operations of THB 30millionMin shareholder collateral THB 300million| Public Offering: * Total pre tax profit of at least SGD several. million more than last 3 years with a pre-tax profit of at least SGD you million in each of those 3 yearsOR * Cumulative pre-tax profit of for least SGD 10million for the latest 1 or 2 yearsOR * Market Limit of at least SGD 80 mil at the time of GOING PUBLIC based on issue price 2. Operating history of 3 years * Continuity of management of three years. 1-2 years of total pre-tax income of for least SGD 10 millionMainboard listing: * Be profitable in the most current financial 12 months * Have got a history of at least 3 years, an industry value of not less than $150milOR * Make an operating revenue and also have a market value of no less than $300millionat enough time of real estate * Min issue discuss price to get IPO now 50 cents| For US company listing: 2. Round whole lot holders: 4 hundred Public Stocks:, 100, 000 Outstanding * Market value of public stocks and shares: $40 mil * IPO: $100millionStock value criteria: 5. Issuers include $4 share price in the time listingFinancial conditions: (Example) * Earnings check: Aggregate pre-tax income for the last 3 years: $100 million * Min in each of the a couple of most recent years $2 mil, 3rd year positive. | Instruments| EquitiesIndicesBondsDerivatives| Securities which include indexesFixed IncomeDerivatives CommoditiesInterest prices swapsFX forwards| Stocks Directories BondsCommodities (not physical commodities)| Index Composition Comparison among SGX and SET

Index structure is the break down information of how much industry capitalization is at each industries such as farming, commerce, building, properties, and so forth We opt for Singapore Exchange or SGX to be compared with SET since the two marketplaces are quite related and both are in the same region. Nevertheless , since Singapore is a even more developed nation, it will be interesting to see the market capitalization of every sector. Sector| Values (S$)| | SGX| SET| Agriculture| 27, 517, 506| 3%| 7, 918, 292. 00 | 7%| Commerce| 69, 394, 052| 8%| 20, 358, 152. 00 | 17%| Construction| 17, 386, 961| 2%| 9, 114, 948. 00 | 8%|

Electricity/Gas/Water| 610, 896| 0%| 13, 141, 024. 00 | 11%| Finance| 99, 576, 196| 11%| you, 296, 380. 00 | 1%| Manufacturing| 146, 824, 937| 17%| 13, 525, 888. 00 | 12%| Mining| six, 120, 755| 1%| 12, 524. 00 | 0%| Properties| 149, 550, 876| 17%| 14, 592, 832. 00 | 10%| Services| 197, 412, 201| 22%| 16, 606, 076. 00 | 14%| Etc| 171879479| 19%| 22, 895, 636. 00 | 20%| Total| 886, 273, 859| 100%| 116, 461, 752. 00 | 100%| From the table, we can see that SGX has the highest industry capitalization in services, houses, and manufacturing, while for Asia, the highest types are trade, services, and manufacturing.

Consequently , the sector that Singapore has large volume in is the properties sector. We are able to infer that properties sector contributes big flow of investment in to the economy. Since in Thailand the property sector has recently recently been the sector with the highest growth price, we believe that soon enough the properties sector will take a huge stake in the SET market capitalization. Inventory Index Comparability Stock index can be used to suggest the price activity of the complete stock exchange and roughly show the efficiency as well. Here are the world’s top 10 stock exchange index year on year and the ASEAN+3’s stock exchange index.

Top 10 Stock market YoY Country| Index| Last| Monthly Chg| 12 Months Chg| Venezuela| IBVC| 403516| 31. 98%| 279. 78%| Pakistan| KSE100| 15813| 2 . 38%| 36. 77%| Nigeria| NGSE30| 1269| 4. 09%| thirty six. 43%| Thailand| SET| 1282| -1. 31%| 31. 74%| Egypt| EGX30| 5793| -0. 49%| 40. 10%| Denmark| KAX| 400| -0. 37%| 25. 40%| Philippines| PSEi| 5405| 1 ) 10%| 24. 72%| Panama| Panama Stock Market| 397| 1 . 25%| 24. 55%| Turkey| XU100| 70708| 6. 49%| 23. 96%| In the table, we can see that Thailand has the world’s 5th highest growth in the past year of 31. 74%, and most of the top ten countries are appearing market.

ASEAN + three or more Countries Country| Index| Last| Monthly Chg| 12 Months Chg| Thailand| SET| 1282| -1. 31%| 31. 74%| Philippines| PSEi| 5405| 1 . 10%| 24. 72%| Indonesia| JCI| 4339| 1 . 80%| 13. 29%| Malaysia| KLCI| 1673| 2 . 19%| 12. 87%| Singapore| STI| 3030| -1. 00%| 4. 26%| Japan| NKY| 8929| 0. 67%| -1. 34%| China| Shanghai SE Composite| 2066| -0. 96%| -16. 46%| From the table, Thailand has the maximum stock index in the ASEAN+3 region for the past one year. Upcoming move of SET Until now, we have reviewed about a history of the stock market at the global level and also the regional level.

We have as opposed SET to stock exchange in addition to the Singapore Exchange. From there, we could see that, generally, stock exchanges in the United States and Europe are more created than those inside the Asian area. Within the Cookware region, ESTABLISHED is considered to be amongst second group of countries to possess a formal stock exchange. However , each of our stock market generally seems to develop slower than the Singapore Exchange which has been founded about the same period. Now, we would like to turn the discussion to how COLLECTION can develop alone to provide a better service to the members.

There is an increasing tendency in what all of us call “demutualization for many not-for-profit organizations. Demutualization means a process by which a customer-owned shared organization or co-operative improvements legal kind to a joint stock firm. As part of the procedure, members of a mutual generally receive a windfall payout as shares inside the successor firm, a cash payment, or maybe a mixture of both equally. In other words, demutualization of the stock market basically means converting the stock exchange right into a company and issue stocks as IPO. Comparing this process to a normal business, were isting the stock exchange in the stock market so investor can trade it is share. It turned out the the latest trend for most stock exchanges around the world. The Stockholm Exchange was the 1st exchange to demutualize in 1993, and then Helsinki (1995), Copenhagen (1996), Amsterdam (1997), the Australian Exchange (1998) and Toronto, Hong Kong and London Share Exchanges in 2000. We all consider these exchanges as the pioneer group for this modify. Many more exchanges have demutualized recently and/or on their service so. Why this is occurring is because of the benefits they can get free from this modify.

It is predicted that after the exchange is demutualized, items will be more effective, organization governance will be rationalized, more capital will movement in, and synergy can occur between sub-markets. Various stock exchanges that have gone through this process demonstrate that selling price has increased, P/E ratio has increased more than 20 times, even more companies are classified by the exchange. However , you can also get challenges to the change. Two main difficulties are the conflict with client positions between the title and the administration team, plus the regulatory framework.

Given the benefits, we can see that lots of stock exchanges are going toward this kind of trend which includes SET. Even so, this simply cannot happen overnight. It requires a lot of effort in making this kind of a successful change and solid support from your government and the users in the market. As for Thailand, it can be still a considerable ways to go. We must set up a fresh regulatory framework to oversee the modify and get this to change since transparent as it can be since it is famous that the problem rate in our country is extremely high which change would definitely involve a lot of money.

Therefore , we feel that ESTABLISHED is slowly and gradually changing how they work and try to catch up with this kind of trend as fast as they can to follow along with other leading exchanges in the area. Conclusion From your research, it is often found there are several factors affecting industry development of ARRANGED. The elements are the limitations that obstruct the stock market to improve and be comparable to leading inventory exchanges far away. The major problem is that ESTABLISHED is considered as being a juristic person, which is underneath the control of the federal government entity and also the Securities and Exchange Percentage.

Therefore , it is difficult for Going develop as a result of bureaucratic as well as slow operate process and development. Every new creation project needs to go through a large number of steps and approvals in the different levels of hierarchy. This discourages the industry improvement assessing to different public or listed share exchanges, which are more developed due to the flexibility and fast advancement. Trading several hours of ARRANGED is limited to 3 hours every day only, whereas in other inventory exchanges work for longer trading hours of up to 8 hours a day. This factor offers limited the chance for traders to trade meaning the slower growth of the market too.

In addition , the merchandise and companies that SET provides are equities, bond, derivatives, ETF and Derivative Warrants. Though it seems to be enough of range for the Thai world, once we match up against other exchanges we can plainly see that different stock exchanges offer a many more trading musical instruments implying that you have more expense alternatives pertaining to the shareholders to choose. Consequently , it is also important that the ARRANGED should consider supplying more product or service, not only to inspire the expenditure in the country yet also to enhance SET’s earnings.

Another interesting point is approximately the lifestyle and tradition of Thailänder people. Sometimes, we can see people try to maximize their own gain by bribing or acknowledging the entice. This is a severe problem in Thai contemporary society as well as for ESTABLISHED. Some company is willing to corrupt to obtain their own company listed. Which means that the market is not fully transparent which could affect the overall performance of the stock market as well as specific investors whom put their cash at risk. On the other hand, Thailand is known as a conservative Yoga country.

Consequently , the alcohol-beverage, casino and cigarette companies are banned to get listed on the stock market. However , as we know that these companies usually have significantly high development, by impacting an investment ban on this kind of companies the marketplace might not be able to grow in the highest possible tempo. The beginning of AEC will have high impact on SET since it enables ASEAN buyers to invest in any public corporations all over the Southeast Asian countries. This will likely make the economic system of the location as well as the share exchanges in ASEAN countries more integrated. Moreover, AEC will inspire

SET and Thai investors to be even more international. The market participation will probably be at higher-level since people will control more in stock exchange. Once people trade even more, SET can make bigger gain upon trading payment. Local businesses will be more interested in going public because the way to obtain capital is usually larger than previous time. Therefore, SET can make even more revenues from listing service as well. The main factor that is certainly still should be improved upon is the understanding of investment of Thai people since they still lacks the knowledge about money market, capital marketplace and how to gain benefit markets.

Many people continue to put their very own saving inside the saving account. Therefore , the expansion of Thailand Investments Institution or TSI is another way to educate Thai people about investment decision and also to develop Thailänder market overall. Reference http://www. set. or. th/ http://www. settrade. com/ http://www. sgx. com/wps/portal/sgxweb/home/marketinfo/sector_summary http://www. nyse. com/pdfs/NYSEArca_Listing_Fees. pdf http://www. set. or. th/en/products/listing/fee_p1. html http://info. sgx. com/weblist. nsf/73e958167365740648257561002c6945/4825654e0028b59a482573950028a13d? OpenDocument http://info. sgx. om/weblist. nsf/73e958167365740648257561002c6945/4825654e0028b59a482571f80028cb55? OpenDocument http://usequities. nyx. com/regulation/listed-companies-compliance/listings-standards/us http://www. exchangesjournal. org/newyork. php http://business. asiaone. com/Business/News/My%2BMoney/Story/A1Story20100107-190238. html http://www. tfex. co. th/en/index. html code http://www. mai. or. th/ http://en. wikipedia. org/wiki/Amsterdam_Stock_Exchange http://www. wikinvest. com/wiki/List_of_Stock_Exchanges http://en. wikipedia. org/wiki/List_of_stock_exchanges http://en. wikipedia. org/wiki/Singapore_Exchange

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