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12243273

Comprehensive Land Use Prepare of Pasay City Essay

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COMPREHENSIVE AREA USE STRATEGY OF PASAY CITY SOCIO-ECONOMIC PROFILE installment payments on your 0 installment payments on your 1 THE PHYSICAL ENVIRONMENT Geography, Area and Place The city of Pasay is located in the traditional western coast of Metro Manila or the Nationwide Capital Place (NCR).

It is bounded inside the north by the city of Manila, in the northeast by the associated with Makati plus the municipality of Taguig, in the west by the associated with Paranaque, and the western world by the Manila Bay (See Figure installment payments on your 1). The location is located roughly at latitude 14? 32, and long, 121? 00,. In terms of location, Pasay may be the third littlest political neighborhood among the towns and cities of NCR.

The area circulation of the city per Barangay is displayed in Table 2 . 1 . Table installment payments on your 1 Location Distribution (in Hectares) Brgy. 1 a couple of 3 some 5 6 7 8 9 15 11 12 13 14 15 sixteen 17 18 19 twenty 21 22 23 twenty-four 25 dua puluh enam 27 28 29 40 31 thirty-two 33 thirty four 35 thirty eight 37 37 39 forty five 41 42 43 44 45 46 48 Place 1 . forty eight 4. thirty seven 1 . 84 2 . fifth there’s 89 1 . 53 1 . forty seven 2 . 54.99 1 . 94 1 . 43 2 . 99 1 . 82 1 . fifth 89 13. ninety five 2 . twenty four 3. sixty one 1 . 40 1 . 69 4. 61 1 . 12 2 . twenty-five 1 . 80 0. 56 4. 13 2 . forty-four 2 . of sixteen 1 . eighty six 1 . 90 3. 82 1 . 88 1 . 18 2 . 85 2 . 97 5. 88 2 . 93 3. 56 4. 43 4. 56 8. 40 5. 53 5. 53 4. 20 2 . 66 1 . 69 5. 94 2 . 73 3. 80 1 . 80 Percent to Total (%) 0. 08 0. 24 0. 15 0. of sixteen 0. 08 0. 08 0. 14 0. 14 0. ’08 0. seventeen 0. 15 0. 12 0. several 0. 13 0. 20 0. ’07 0. 2009 0. 26 0. 06 0. doze 0. 15 0. goal 0. twenty-three 0. 13 0. doze 0. 10 0. 14 0. twenty-one 0. 12 0. 07 0. of sixteen 0. of sixteen 0. 33 0. sixteen 0. twenty 0. twenty-five 0. twenty-five 0. forty seven 0. thirty-one 0. 23 0. 3 0. 12-15 0. 09 0. 33 0. 15 0. twenty two 0. 12 Brgy. 51 52 53 54 fifty five 56 57 58 fifty nine 60 sixty one 62 63 64 sixty five 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 fifth there’s 89 90 91 92 93 94 96 96 98 Area 2 . 26 2 . 37 1 . 01 1 ) 94 2 . 25 1 ) 01 zero. 91 4. 31 several. 79 several. 55 0. 40 zero. 49 installment payments on your 18 1 ) 15 some. 45 installment payments on your 81 1 ) 83 1 ) 56 1 . 24 6th. 12 1 ) 02 1 ) 47 six. 06 several. 30 on the lookout for. 34 60. 45 4. 22 3. 33 some. 20 installment payments on your 64 1 . 62 zero. 71 2 . 11 1 . 31 a few. 88 1 ) 56 1 ) 22 3. 19 1 . 24 2 . 00 1 ) 73 installment payments on your 28 2 . 79 2 . 91 installment payments on your 51 2 . 26 5. 9 Percent to Total (%) 0. 13 0. 13 0. summer 0. eleven 0. 12 0. summer 0. 05 0. 24 0. twenty one 0. twenty 0. 02 0. 03 0. 12 0. summer 0. twenty-five 0. of sixteen 0. 15 0. 09 0. ’07 0. thirty four 0. 06 0. ’08 0. thirty four 0. 18 0. 52 2 . 79 0. 23 0. 18 0. twenty three 0. 12-15 0. 2009 0. apr 0. 12 0. 07 0. twenty-two 0. 09 0. 07 0. 18 0. ’07 0. 11 0. twelve 0. 13 0. 12-15 0. sixteen 0. 18 0. 13 0. twenty-four Brgy. 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 121 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 a hundred and twenty-five 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 one hundred forty five 146 148 Area 1 . 09 1 ) 11 1 ) 42 2 . 51 0. 91 1 . 13 installment payments on your 24 2 . 82 0. 90 1 . 78 1 ) 50 1 . 41 2 . 84 2 . 38 2 . 12 2 . 35 1 . 38 installment payments on your 26 installment payments on your 64 2 . 88 2 . 02 zero. 99 zero. 91 2 . 4 installment payments on your 37 1 . 22 installment payments on your 90 installment payments on your 26 1 ) 21 2 . 82 2 . 28 2 . 73 2 . 82 1 . 23 four. 04 a few. 05 2 . 52 1 ) 29 1 ) 33 1 ) 10 1 ) 69 1 . 11 your five. 88 several. 02 6th. 65 three or more. 33 on the lookout for. 83 Percent to Total (%) 0. 06 0. summer 0. 08 0. 16 0. 05 0. summer 0. 12 0. sixteen 0. 05 0. 15 0. 08 0. 08 0. of sixteen 0. 13 0. 12 0. 13 0. 08 0. 12 0. 15 0. sixteen 0. 10 0. 05 0. 05 0. 12-15 0. 13 0. 07 0. 18 0. 13 0. 07 0. sixteen 0. 13 0. 15 0. of sixteen 0. ’07 0. twenty two 0. 17 0. 16 0. 07 0. 07 0. 06 0. 09 0. 06 0. 33 0. 39 0. thirty seven 0. 18 0. 54 Brgy. 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 198 Area installment payments on your 4 four. 10 1 ) 64 0. 94 1 . 52 installment payments on your 23 1 . 93 1 ) 93 2 . 95 1 ) 69 five. 46 3. 10 installment payments on your 23 1 . 37 7. 13 installment payments on your 12 1 . 38 2 . 16 three or more. 07 1 . 46 several. 05 three or more. 65 1 . 41 installment payments on your 44 1 . 52 2 . 25 5. 48 three or more. 58 7. 05 46. 20 installment payments on your 34 being unfaithful. 69 543. 89 8. 63 18. 31 installment payments on your 88 18. 62 almost 8. 79 installment payments on your 67 60. 81 45. 60 18. 81 13. 99 5. 87 3. 85 installment payments on your 83 18. 09 Percent to Total (%) 0. 16 0. twenty-three 0. 09 0. 05 0. ’08 0. doze 0. 11 0. 10 0. of sixteen 0. 2009 0. 40 0. seventeen 0. 12 0. ’08 0. 40 0. 12 0. 08 0. 12 0. seventeen 0. ’08 0. 18 0. 20 0. ’08 0. 13 0. 08 0. doze 0. twenty-five 0. twenty 0. 39 2 . 56 0. 13 0. fifty four 30. 13 0. forty-eight 1 . 01 0. 16 0. 80 0. 49 0. 12-15 3. thirty seven 2 . 53 1 . ’04 0. 79 0. 28 0. twenty one 0. sixteen 1 . 00

The Official Site of Pasay City www. pasay. gov. ph 1 COMPREHENSIVE TERRAIN USE STRATEGY OF PASAY CITY SOCIO-ECONOMIC PROFILE forty-nine 50 5. 02 zero. 95 0. 22 zero. 05 99 100 1 ) 88 a few. 38 zero. 10 0. 19 149 150 1 ) 19 1 ) 89 0. 07 zero. 10 Area of Barangays one particular to 201 Reclamation Ethnical Center in the Philippines Sophisticated TOTAL PLACE 199 2 hundred 201 1, 399. 55 213. sixty six 191. 95 1, 805. 11 your five. 25 some. 81 33. 75 0. 29 zero. 27 1 . 87 seventy seven. 53 11. 84 12. 63 95. 00 Metropolis has a total area of 1, 805. 10 hectares. The town proper or perhaps Barangays 1 to 201 occupies about 1, 399. 50 hectares or 77. 53 percent the total location. The Ethnic Center Complex occupies about 191. a few hectares (10. 63%) as the rest of the reclamation area includes an area of 213. 66 hectares (11. 84 %). The Barangay Map is usually shown in Figure 2 . 2 . 2 . 2 Geology Pasay includes two surfaces units, a great eastern undulating section and a european alluvial portion, which expands into the Manila Bay. The undulating to gently sloping terrain can be underlain with a gently sinking sequence of pyroclastic stones essentially consisting of tuffs, tuffaceous sandstones and conglomerates belonging to the Guadalupe creation. This formation is showed by significant to thickly bedded lithic tuff and tuffaceous sandstone.

Based on the Geologic Map of Pasay (Figure 2 . 3), both major geologic formations are: Quarternary Alluvial (QA1) which can be comprised of detrital deposits mostly silt, crushed stone and gravel, and Guadalupe formation (GF) of which the top member (Diliman Tuff) is thin to medium bedded, fine-grained, vitric tuffs and welded scenic breccias with subordinate numbers of tuffaceous, good to method grained sandstone. Members of the Pleistocene Guadalupe Formation underlie almost half the terrain where Pasay is situated. These are mainly Alat Conglomerate and Diliman Tuff.

Early on Pleistocene to late Pleistocene conglomerate, silty mudstone and tuffaceous sandstone comprise the lower member although late Pleistocene wellbedded tuff units make up the upper member. The constituents of the Diliman Tuff had been most likely produced from a volcano on the central lobe of Laguna sobre Bay to the south based on the aerial circulation pattern and lithological similarity with these in the north vicinity of the central lobe of Olvido de Gulf. On the other hand, Quartenary alluvial debris of the Marikina Alluvial simple and Pasig River Delta plain cover western aspects of the city.

Arsenic intoxication the marine sediments suggest that the quartenary alluvium was probably deposited after uplift of the Guadalupe formation. 2 . 3 Physiography Metro Manila’s physiography can be divided into half a dozen zones specifically, the Manila Bay, the Coastal Margin, the Guadalupe Plateau, the Marikina Valley, the Laguna lowlands as well as the Laguna para Bay. Pasay City is one of the Coastal Perimeter or the low lying level strip of land east of Manila Bay with an level of below 5 yards above mean sea level. This region also occupies portions of Valenzuela, The required Website of Pasay Town www. pasay. ov. ph level 2 COMPREHENSIVE LAND MAKE USE OF PLAN OF PASAY TOWN SOCIO-ECONOMIC PROFILE Malabon, Caloocan, Navotas, Manila, Paranaque, Las Pinas and the reclaimed portion of Manila Bay 2 . 5 Topography, Elevation and Incline The european part of Pasay City is usually level to nearly level while its southeastern part is usually gently sloping to softly undulating. It is characterized by seaside plains along the Manila These types of in the west and sloping areas extending in the south-east direction. Surface elevations range from a couple of meters above the mean marine level around the coastal flatlands and 24 meters around the southeast portion of the city.. your five Land and Associated Ground Characteristics According to Metro Manila Land Resource Evaluation Job by BSWM, Pasay gets the following land and garden soil characteristics (Figure 2 . 4): Active Tidal Flats (Coastal Landscape) Active tidal houses, with an almost flat pain relief, have an height that amounts from 0 to 1. your five meters, at times reaching approximately 3 metres above the imply sea level. This property system features very poor draining characteristics. Water logged areas may well pose a corrosion issue to subterranean uncoated stainlesss steel pipes or structural support.

Poor drainage is also a problem in manure disposal in areas that are not served by open public sewer facilities. It is further characterized by slow permeability, substantial compressibility, and possible water damage during in season high drinking water table. Soil texture or the different sizes of particles inside the soil mass are clay-based, silty clay-based, and sandly clay loam. The mother or father materials of the land category are tidal mudflats with muck and peat in your area, alluvial sediments. Former Tidal Flats (Coastal Landscape) The previous tidal houses consist of areas more away from the coast and a bit higher than the active tidal flats.

They will occupy the almost level plains, backswamps and depression of the coastal landscape shaped from sea and flovio-marine deposits. Slightly lower then this alluvial basic, its elevation ranges from 2 to five meters. It includes slow to moderate permeability and a soil consistency of clay-based to silty clay loam. Moreover, it can be poorly drained, prone to modest seasonal surging, highly compressible, and rust to uncoated steel. It is parent supplies are limoneux sediments, ex – tidal mudflats underlain with peaty and mucky components.. Water Assets Characteristics installment payments on your. 1 Surface Waters installment payments on your 6 Pasay City is definitely bounded on the western part of the country by Manila Bay. It really is traversed simply by two small rivers that feed the Paranaque Riv namely the Estero para Tripa sobre Gallina and Maricaban Creek. The city is situated within the Manila Bay Watershed area. The bay provides a catchment area of about 18, 000 rectangular kilometers that is certainly made up of about eight riv basins, nearest of which on the city is the Paranaque-Las Pinas riv basin. This kind of river container is eventually made up of 3 major waterways, the Paranaque, Las Pinutis and Zapote Rivers.

These river systems essentially provide about one particular, 500 hectares of low-lying areas along the Manila Gulf and features as 3 The Official Web page of Pasay City www. pasay. gov. ph THOROUGH LAND MAKE USE OF PLAN OF PASAY METROPOLIS SOCIO-ECONOMIC ACCOUNT the principal draining channel with the area. The geomorphic establishing of these lowlying areas plus the hydraulic actions of the Manila Bay pot and the South China Marine make the area vulnerable to flooding, a condition aggravated by the inadequate capacity and poor repair of the draining facilities. installment payments on your 6. 2 Groundwater

Pasay is situated over a delta which has produced locally-confined aquifers. Groundwater utilization, nevertheless , has triggered significant draw-down causing much land subsidence and saline water invasion particularly in the coastal areas. The groundwater basin contains several linked and related aquifers, consists of tuffaceous sandstone and conglomerates belonging to the Guadalupe Formation. These facets of Guadalupe Formation inside the southeastern part of the city possess thickness of approximately 1, three hundred to 1, two hundred meters. Boost to the water supplies comes from rainfall and inflow from the extendable of these water supplies.

However , they are already above exploited because of uncontrolled growing and abnormal underwater revulsion, a practice done principally by solid residential, industrial and industrial establishments. This situation leads to an incomplete depletion with the aquifers resulting in the decreasing of water levels and high growing costs. Almost 2000 bore holes have been drilled in the aquifers of the Guadalupe Formation intended for the industrial and non commercial users. Some of these wells go as deep as three hundred meters. In 1990, total pumpage reached 339. six million cu meters. installment payments on your 6. three or more Water Quality

Available info from gov departments such as the DENR-EMB have indicated that the near-the-shore waters of Manila Gulf, together with the significant rivers in Metro Manila, are considered biologically dead. This particular quality in Manila These types of has progressively deteriorated due to domestic, professional and farming wastes getting dumped uncontrollably in the waterways. This present state can be likewise being attributed to not enough drainage facilities and the relieve of neglected domestic and industrial wastewater due to not enough wastewater collection, treatment and disposal features.

Based on the sampling carried out by the Division of Environment and Organic Resources (DENR) in every month of the year 2000, water quality as per dissolved air, Biological Air Demand (BOD) and the total suspended sound level in a variety of stations in the Paranaque-Zapote Lake are demonstrated in the following tables. Two stations were located inside Pasay Town, Tramo and MIA Highway. Table installment payments on your 3 Total annual Dissolved Air (mg/L) in the Paranaque-Zapote River System, 2k Station Tramo MIA Highway La Vergel Paranaque Zapote Quirino Month to month Ave. Regular, mg/L Location Tramo, Pasay City MIA Rd. Pasay City Paranaque City Paranaque City Las Pinas Metropolis Paranaque Metropolis Jan NATURSEKT NS NS NS NS NS BIST DU 5 Feb Mar Monthly interest May Jun July Aug Sep April Nov December 0. twenty-one NS 0. 0 0 0. you 0. 9 1 . several 1 . a couple of 0 NS 0 0. 06 NATURSEKT 3. almost 8 0 zero 0. zero 0. 0 1 . 0 0 NATURSEKT 0. zero 0. 51 NS doze. 0 zero 4. zero 13. 5 0. 0 2 . eight 0 NS 0 5. 89 NS 3. 6th 0 1 . 0 9. 5 four. 0 5. 4 zero NS 4. 2 0. 1 NATURSEKT 0. zero 0 0. 8 being unfaithful. 4 1 ) 2 1 . 6 0 NS 0 NS NS 12. zero 0 installment payments on your 0 10. 4 0. 0 0. 6 0 NS zero. 0 1 . 15 BIST DU 5. 2 0 1 ) 3 7. 4 1 ) 1 installment payments on your 1 0 NA zero. 7 five 5 five 5 five 5 five 5 your five 5 five Annual zero. 4 0. 5 a few. 6 several. 6 1 . 5 a few. 3 2 . 1 a few The Official Web page of Pasay City www. pasay. gov. ph some COMPREHENSIVE AREA USE PLAN OF PASAY CITY SOCIO-ECONOMIC PROFILE

Table 2 . four Annual BOD (mg/L) inside the Paranaque-Zapote Riv System, 2150 Paranaque Tiro MIA Road La Vergel Paranaque Zapote Quirino Month-to-month Ave. Regular, mg/L Position Tramo, Pasay City MIA Rd., Pasay City Paranaque City Paranaque City Las Pinas Metropolis Paranaque City Jan NS NS NATURSEKT NS NS NS EM 10 Feb 10 seventeen 16 7 30 NATURSEKT 16 12 Mar NS NS NS NS NATURSEKT NS BIST DU 10 April May Jun July August Sep 15 32 18 26 twenty three 6 12-15 38 12 17 thirty-two 10 eleven 39 of sixteen 13 32 4 22 29 18 26 thirty-three 13 32 39 five 12 sixteen 8 three or more 23 14 12 thirty-three 2 18 33 18 18 28 7 15 10 15 10 15 10 March 23 twenty-three 27 18 21 3 22 15 Nov December Annual NATURSEKT 17 19 NS 13 20 NATURSEKT 20 twenty NS 10 19 NATURSEKT 33 twenty two NS 15 16 NA 18 19 10 twelve 10

Table 2 . your five Annual Total Suspended Stable Levels inside the Paranaque-Zapote Lake System, 2150 Paranaque Tiro MIA Street La Huerto Paranaque Zapote Quirino Month to month Ave. Position Jan February Tramo, Pasay City NATURSEKT 20 MIA Rd., Pasay City NS 20 Paranaque City NS 30 Paranaque City NATURSEKT 20 Las Pinas Metropolis NS 30 Paranaque Metropolis NS NATURSEKT NA twenty-one Mar NS NS NATURSEKT NS NATURSEKT NS EM Apr May well Jun Come july 1st Aug Sep 20 twelve 10 twenty 30 forty 80 30 20 35 30 forty five 100 35 10 35 20 40 70 30 20 20 30 35 60 twenty 10 70 30 31 50 10 20 55 40 forty 63 twenty-two 15 thirty seven 30 thirty-five Oct forty 40 40 30 35 30 thirty-five Nov December Annual NATURSEKT 30 twenty-four NS 20 34 NS 40 thirty seven NS twenty 30 NS 40 36 NS 20 33 EM 28 32

The sampling results demonstrate that dissolved oxygen levels in the two Pasay channels are method below the standards while the BOD concentrations happen to be way over standard. 2 . 7 Atmospheric Characteristic In the nearest PAGASA station by Ninoy Aquino International Airport (NAIA), climatological data from 1950-1995 were attained. Tables 2 . 6 and 2 . 7 show a number of the significant info. 2 . six. 1 Climate The climate of Pasay is grouped as Type 1 within the Corona category used by Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Substantial Services Administration (PAGASA) according to rainfall routine.

It is seen as two evident seasons: wet season from May to October and dry time of year from January to The spring, when rain fall drops to 10-30-mm/ month. In general, Metro Manila is directly inspired by typically 2 to 3 tropical cyclones each year. 2 . 7. 2 Rain fall The PAGASA station recorded an annual rainfall amount of 1, 149. 2 mm having a total of 113 rainy days between years 1961-1995. The stormy months of May ” October indicated monthly stormy days of 7- 20 with all the month of July saving the highest at 20. The highest amount of rainfall for the period 1949-1995 was 427. mm upon February 1, 1962. 2 . 7. three or more Temperature Pasay has an average normal twelve-monthly temperature of 27. your five C. The warmest months are April, May and June even though the coldest several weeks are Dec, January and February with the minimum temperatures of 25-26C. The highest five The Official Website of Pasay City www. pasay. gov. ph EXTENSIVE LAND MAKE USE OF PLAN OF PASAY METROPOLIS SOCIO-ECONOMIC PROFILE temperature was recorded on May 18, 1969 by 38. 1C while the cheapest was recorded at 14. 6C on Feb 1, 62. 2 . several. 4 Relative Humidity Relative humidity or the percentages of water vapor in the air ranges, in onthly values, from 66% to 81% with an annual average of 75%. These principles indicate that Pasay is actually humid. installment payments on your 7. a few Wind Acceleration and Path The total annual prevailing blowing wind direction inside the area can be towards the east. The average total annual wind velocity is several. 0 yards per second (mps). Excessive wind velocity occurs in March to April although low wind flow speed occurs in Sept to November. The highest wind speed of 56 mps was recorded upon November 14, 1977, choosing a european direction. The required Website of Pasay City www. pasay. gov. ph level 6 COMPREHENSIVE LAND EMPLOY PLAN OF PASAY TOWN SOCIO-ECONOMIC PROFILE Table installment payments on your Climatological Banal Month January February 03 April May June This summer August Sept. 2010 October November December TWELVE-MONTHLY Source: Be aware: Rainfall Amount 8. 5 2 . on the lookout for 6. a couple of 13. a couple of 101. six 244. 5 363. zero 414. you 309. 0 221. four 121. one particular 43. several 1849. a couple of No . of Rainy Times 2 you 2 a couple of 7 15 18 20 17 13 10 6th 113 Temperatures (C) Utmost 30. a few 31. 2 32. 7 34. 3 34. a couple of 32. your five 31. three or more 30. eight 31. 0 31. 1 31. 0 30. several 31. several Min 20. 9 21. 2 twenty two. 4 24. 0 twenty four. 9 24. 5 24. 1 twenty four. 0 twenty four. 0 3. 5 twenty-two. 8 21. 7 23. 2 Indicate Dry Bulb Wet Light bulb Dew Level VP (mbs) 25. 6 25. a few 21. being unfaithful 20. 5 23. 9 26. a couple of 26. zero 22. 0 20. several 23. 7 27. six 27. some 22. eight 21. 0 24. six 29. up to 29. 0 twenty-four. 0 22. 1 dua puluh enam. 4 29. 6 29. 3 twenty-four. 9 twenty-three. 4 twenty-eight. 4 28. 5 twenty eight. 2 25. 0 23. 9 twenty nine. 5 28. 7 twenty-seven. 4 24. 7 23. 7 twenty nine. 2 28. 4 28. 0 twenty-four. 7 twenty three. 9 29. 5 twenty-seven. 5 twenty-seven. 1 24. 8 24. 0 29. 7 twenty-seven. 3 27. 0 24. 3 twenty three. 3 28. 5 26. 9 dua puluh enam. 6 23. 6 22. 5 twenty seven. 1 21. 0 25. 7 22. 7 twenty one. 5 twenty-five. 5 twenty-seven. 5 twenty seven. 2 twenty three. 8 twenty-two. 5 twenty-seven. 2 Comparative MSL PRESS. Humidity (mbs) 74 70 67 66 70 seventy seven 80 83 83 80 78 seventy seven 75 1013. 5 1013. 5 1012. 7 1011. 2 1009. 4 1008. 8 1008. 3 1008. 1 1008. 9 1009. 7 1011. 0 1012. 6 1010. 6 Breeze Speed and Direction Direction Speed Electronic 3 Electronic 4 Electronic 4 Electronic 4 Electronic 4 T 3 T 3 Watts 3 T 2 Electronic 2 At the 2 At the 3 At the 3 Impair Cover (Octa) 4 4 3 several 5 6th 6 7 7 6 5 your five 5

Days TSTM 0 0 0 1 several 11 doze 9 eleven 9 a couple of 0 59 With LTNG 0 0 1 some 16 of sixteen 16 15 15 twelve 3 you 92 PAGASA Station for 429-NAIA (MIA), Pasay Metropolis, located for 1431’N lat. and 12101′ longitude with elevation twenty-one. 0 meters from period 1961-1995. Desk 2 . several Climatological Two extremes Month January February Mar April Might June September August Sept. 2010 October Nov December TOTAL ANNUAL Period of Record Source: Remarks: High thirty-five. 8 34. 8 thirty six. 5 37. 8 38. 1 35 36 35. 2 thirty four. 9 thirty-six 35. almost 8 34. 2 38. one particular Daily Greatest Rainfall (mm) Temperature (C) Date Low Date Quantity Date 7-89 14. almost 8 18-61 fifty five. 3 3-70 28-80 13. 6 1-62 16. 5 27-50 30-78 16 3-63 35. 12-71 23-48 19. 4 17-68 63 4-92 18-69 nineteen. 1 11-50 229. you 27-60 2-91 20 22-54 316. almost 8 27-85 6-91 18. 3 28-48 472. 4 20-72 29-89 17. 4 9-49 401. 8 10-47 9-79 19. one particular 15-50 228. 8 8-63 24-76 18 23-81 274. 5 9-78 17-72 18. 2 26-49 121. several 14-77 28-79 16. several 18-55 one hundred ten. 5 30-50 5-18 16. 6 2-1 1962 472. 4 7-20 1972 69 1947-1995 1949-1995 Speed twenty 20 26 20 31 36 thirty eight 30 twenty six 27 56 25 56 Wind (mps) Direction E-NE E Electronic E SW S T WSW NW W W NW Watts 1950-1995 Day 12-86 28-88 29-92 6-86 22-76 29-64 8-86 16-84 27-78 18-85 19-70 30-50 11-19 70 High one particular, 022. 35 1021. some 1021. you 1019. on the lookout for 1015. on the lookout for 1015. 9 1014. being unfaithful 1015. two 1015. two 1017 1019. 1020. on the lookout for 1022. 3 Sea Level Pressure Time Low 27-87 1004. some 1-62 1005. 0 2-87 1004. 7 23-87 1003. 8 9-57 992. a couple of 6-66 974. 2 7-53 994. a couple of 12-58 992. 8 20-65 988. being unfaithful 25-86 977. 9 3-89 899. four 8-60 996. 2 1-27 899. 5 1978 1950-1995 Date 1-50 15-52 8-84 25-71 17-89 29-64 15-83 24-78 30-95 14-70 3-95 15-64 11-3 1995 PAGASA *Station for 429-NAIA (MIA), Pasay City, located at 1431’N latitude and 12101′ longitude with elevation twenty one. 0 m from period 1961-1995. *No record pertaining to the period 1941-1945 The Official Site of Pasay City www. pasay. gov. ph six COMPREHENSIVE LAND USE STRATEGY OF PASAY CITY SOCIO-ECONOMIC PROFILE installment payments on your 8

Quality of air Pasay City is already encountering a deterioration of the air quality. This might be attributed to the congestion of folks, improperly managed vehicles maintenance them, plus the significant percentage of pollutive firms with inadequate smog control equipment and services operating within the area. The National Normal Air Quality and Noise Requirements are recommended in Desk 2 . almost eight and Desk 2 . 9 respectively. Table 2 . almost eight National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Resource Specific Contaminants *POLLUTANTS (a) 1 . Freezing mixture 2 . Co2 Disulfide a few. Chlorine and Chlorine ingredients expressed as Cl2 four.

Formal dehyde CONCENTRATION (c) ug/Ncm 2 hundred 30 100 ppm zero. 28 0. 01 0. 03 HITTING TIME (min) 30 30 5 METHOD OF ANALYSIS/ WAY OF MEASURING (b) Nesselcrization/Indo Phenol Tischer Method Methyl Orange 60 0. 04 30 your five. Hydrogen Chloride 6. Hydrogen Sulfide several. Lead almost 8. Nitrogen O2 9. Phenol 10. Sulfur Dioxide 11. Suspended particulate Matter ” TSP PM ” twelve 200 90 20 375 260 90 470 340 300 2 hundred 0. 13 0. ’07 0. a couple of 0. 18 0. goal 0. 18 0. 13 30 31 30 31 60 40 30 62 60 70 Chromotrophic acid solution method or MBTH-Colorimetric approach Volhard Titration with Iodine solution Methylene Blue n AAS Griess-Saltzmans 4-Amineantipyrine Colorimetric- Pararosaniline

Gravimetric -do- Desk 2 . on the lookout for DENR Standards for Noise in General Areas, dB(A) PLACE Schools/hospitals Home Commercial Mild Industrial Large Industrial DAY 50 60 65 75 75 MORNING/EVENING 45 50 60 sixty-five 70 NIGHTTIME 40 forty five 55 sixty 60 installment payments on your 9 Geologic and other Normal Hazards Simply no traced earthquake fault collection traverses the location of Pasay. However , metropolis is certainly not spared from all other related geologic hazards including tsunamis, floor shaking, and liquefaction. Tsunamis are big sea ocean generated by simply under the sea earthquakes and volcanic lesions. Not all boat earthquakes, however , can cause the occurrence of tsunamis.

Tsunamis can only take place when the earthquake is shallow-seated and sufficiently strong (M 7. 0) to displace regions of the seabed and bother the water over it (PHIVOLCS). The coastal area of Pasay Town is among the most strike by tsunamis and have an increased potential for foreseeable future tsunamis. Typhoons and their linked hazards, such as strong wind gusts, storm surges, and massive amounts, are one of the most recurrent and damaging disasters our nation is The Standard Website of Pasay City www. pasay. gov. ph 8 COMPLETE LAND EMPLOY PLAN OF PASAY CITY SOCIO-ECONOMIC PROFILE prone to.

A lot of 20 typhoons pass the Philippine Area of Responsibility (PAR) every year. They are most frequent through the months of May to December with peak situations in the month of Nov. Of the total 325 typhoons recorded to have crossed the PAR by 1948 to 1978, regarding 20 that passes Metro Manila. One of these, Hurricane Yoling, was your most severe, signing up a maximum wind rate of 200 kph and bringing 24-hour rainfall around the Metropolis. Residential areas, facilities, power devices, and other power installations experienced heavy damage, some of which got months to regenerate.. 10 Environmental Management installment payments on your 10. one particular Water Managing To address the countrywide water crisis which in turn adversely impacts the health and well being from the population, foodstuff production and industrialization process, the Countrywide Water Turmoil Act of 1995 was enacted. A few of the issues related to the water crises are: water supply, water circulation, financing elements, privatization of state-run water facilities, the protection and conservation of watersheds, and pilferage of water, such as the serious couple of graft and corruption in all the water organizations.. 10. two Air Quality Supervision The Clean Air Act of 1999 recognizes that the responsibility of cleaning the habitat and environment is definitely primarily area-based, thus, a local government concern. In terms of air quality management, that stipulates that: LGUs shall share the responsibility in the management and repair of air quality into their territorial legal system. LGUs shall implement quality of air standards arranged by the Polluting of the environment Adjudication Plank (PAB) in areas within their jurisdiction.

Provided, however , that in cases where the board has not been duly constituted and have not promulgated the standards, the criteria set forth from this Act shall apply. The Department of Environment and Natural Solutions shall provide the LGUs with technical assistance, training and a continuing capabilitybuilding program to get ready them to carry out full government of the air quality management and regulation into their territorial jurisdiction. The LGU, for one, is liable for attaining and maintaining the ambient air quality standards in their respective airsheds.

The status of airsheds shall be based on, but not limited to, areas with similar local climate, meteorology and topology which usually affect the interchange and diffusion of toxins in the ambiance, or areas which share common curiosity or deal with similar creation programs, prospective customers or problems. The DENR bases such ambient quality of air standards on World Wellness Organization (WHO) standards, but shall not always be limited to nor be significantly less stringent than such criteria. The initial email lists and ideals of the hazardous air toxins are provided in the DENR require.

The Official Internet site of Pasay City www. pasay. gov. ph on the lookout for COMPREHENSIVE TERRAIN USE PROGRAM OF PASAY CITY SOCIO-ECONOMIC PROFILE installment payments on your 10. a few Land Administration All the barangays of the town have Cartographique Maps that happen to be being used for taxation and other legal purposes. On the other hand, prior to this kind of undertaking, a Zoning Code in 1981 was being used to guide improvements and area uses in the city. installment payments on your 10. 5 Solid Squander Management (SWM) At present, the town of Pasay disposes of their solid waste in the San Mateo Hygienic Landfill plus the Payatas dumpsite.

As per a JICA research on Stable Waste Management for Community Manila concerning government agencies including DECS, DENR and MMDA, Pasay City along with Taguig, Pateros and the associated with Makati will be accommodated inside the proposed Transfer Station inside Fort Bonifacio and then broke up with in an inland landfill web page to be after specified. (Figure 2 . your five refers) All barangays will be covered by sound waste collection, which is dealt with by the county and private contractors. Solid wastes are accumulated daily upon main thoroughfares and every additional day in the rest of the metropolis. However , the gathering systems accommodate urgent requests by citizens.

Table installment payments on your 10 Existing Solid Garbage disposal Methods Approach Population Offered Residents of each and every Barangay Complete city Responsible Agency/Entity Barangay Officials Equipment Facilities Force Cart Financing/ Operating Costs Remarks 1 . Push trolley collection Not advised since hobbyists tend to toss their trash anywhere ¢ Presentations ¢ Diesoline Expenditures ¢ Incomes of the staff 2 . Collection by vans, Transfer and Transport several. Experimental Squander Segregation 51 Families Personal sector/ Sturdy Waste Contractors: ¢ Excellent Trucking Companies, ¢ Greenline Onyx, ¢ Leg Carrying, and ¢ RM Repair Services SWM Compactors Business office of the Mayor Trucks (10 wheeler remove truck) ¢ Open-Top Compactors ¢ Pay out loaders ¢ Shovels ¢ Sacks Garbage Compactors Diesoline Expenses Repair of the establishments A project followed by the Maryville Association Origin: Solid Squander Management Business office 2 . twelve. 5 Drainage and Overflow Control System The Mondongo de Miedoso and Sanidad pumping areas (PS), the Buendia and Libertad Outfalls or Channels are currently providing the draining requirement of the town. The Tripa de Gallina PS has a drainage area of over one particular, 700 hectares. Part of the tornado runoff through the Estero sobre Tripa para Gallina enters the Libertad PS with the Buendia and Libertad Outfalls.

The rest happen to be discharged in the Paranaque River. The Estero, however , displays a changing in account due to the first deposit of crud and trash, and too little improvement from the Buendia Route. This condition is caused generally by poor sewerage and improper solid waste disposal. A substantial volume of waste materials accumulates in the retention fish-pond of the reclamation area. In areas along esteros and creeks entertained by a range of squatter shanties, wastes will be directly released into the waterway. At present, the area government engages flood control measures including annual 15

The Official Website of Pasay City www. pasay. gov. ph COMPREHENSIVE LAND MAKE USE OF PLAN OF PASAY TOWN SOCIO-ECONOMIC PROFILE clearing of waterways and sedimentation (desilting of riverbeds) accompanied by a right garbage and waste disposal system. The adjoining upstream areas of the Salud Reclamation Place is being used up through the Emancipación, Buendia, and EDSA outfalls. Their existing discharge capabilities are much less space-consuming than their style capacities due to siltation. Waste inflow on the inlets of such outfalls exacerbates the problem. installment payments on your 10. Tragedy Management The warning program for both typhoons and floods in Metro Manila are managed by the Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Massive Services Supervision (PAGASA). It monitors the meteorological and hydrological circumstances and concerns periodic reviews. This record contains a warning in the event the conditions involve risks for the population. The warning program for typhoons works independently from the alert system intended for floods. 2 . 11 Area Suitability Evaluation In discovering an effective land utilization system, the physical and environmental attributes of Pasay City has to be considered.

Aspects of physical restriction for further innovations in the city should be delineated. Maps implying the city’s relevant physical and environmental attributes happen to be generated and translated in degrees of concern. References intended for this goal include materials from the local government, BSWM, and PHIVOLCS. Some of the environmental problems such as surging, drainage, water preservation, liquefaction hazard, and industrial areas and specific zones were reflected in roadmaps and reviewed briefly. They are subsequently utilized to delineate areas of various examples of development appropriateness.

Flood Hazard Areas Besides natural elements, other elements that tend to aggravate surging problems in Metro Manila include the following: Infrastructure development leading to the creation of more impervious areas, bringing on higher top run-offs that usually cause standing up floods, Inadequate or nonexistent drainage program, Improper sturdy waste disposal leading to the blockage of drainage systems, additional lowering their particular water holding onto capacity, Hefty siltation of rivers because of previous surges, indiscriminate throwing of waste, encroachment of squatters and slum dwellers, and limited maintenance works, and Institutional problems and financial limitations which postpone implementation of proper ton control actions. Flooding inside Pasay Town are generally concentrated along Taft Avenue plus the areas along the Estero de Tripa de Gallina and Maricaban Creek (Figure 2 . 6). The required Website of Pasay Town www. pasay. gov. ph level 11

COMPLETE LAND USE PLAN OF PASAY CITY SOCIO-ECONOMIC PROFILE River and Coastal Maintenance As demonstrated in Physique 2 . six, the following are the river maintenance zones of the city: ¢ Rivers and streams ” These crucial areas consist of easements of approximately 3 to 20 meters coming from both sides over the entire length of any lake or stream. Areas in this particular range happen to be subject to easement of community use in the interest of fun, fishing, floatage, etc . Coastal Zone ” This includes areas one kilometer from the shoreline of the Manila Bay, which can be city marine environments, and 2 hundred meters from your coastline inland. ¢ Areas of no relevance , Areas outside the selection mentioned above are nonenvironmentally-critical areas.

Liquefaction Risk Liquefaction can be associated with the trend of quick-condition failure which is generally obtained when pore water in a liquefied coating rises into overlying near-surface sediments which will result in a state resembling holm. Areas which might be prone to liquefaction are all those underlain by simply water-saturated, solid fine to coarse sand layers including those over the Pasig River Delta Plain, lake shore areas of Supresión de Gulf and the shorelines of Manila Bay. Figure 2 . almost 8 shows the city’s Liquefaction Hazard Map with potential zones categorized into high, moderate and low structured mainly within the presence of clay tiers which help inhibit liquefaction.

Commercial and Air-port Zones The attribute popular features of this map are based on the constraints upon acceptable sound and smog levels for developments around existing professional establishments. These noise and air pollution amounts conform with all the DENR Recommendations (Figure installment payments on your 9). ¢ Development limitation guidelines pertaining to various sound zones happen to be: , from 45 to 55 dBA. Section of continuous areas that happen to be primarily utilized for residential functions. , coming from 55 to 65 dBA. Primarily intended for commercial location , coming from 60 to 70 dBA. Reserved being a light industrial area , from sixty five to seventy five dBA. Primarily reserved being a heavy professional area. Advancement restriction suggestions for numerous source-specific air flow pollutants, including emission of dust, dirt and grime or travel ash based on DENR requirements.

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