A grand theory is a organized construction pertaining to the nature of nursing jobs that has a crystal clear mission and goals intended for nursing care. There are 4 categories of disciplines within the realm of grand theories to incorporate needs hypotheses, interaction ideas, outcome ideas, and lastly caring/becoming theories. Inside the following dining tables I have featured a theorist from every single school of thought and briefly reviewed their educational background, my perception of their definition and philosophy of nursing, and the goal/purpose with their theory.
Needs theorist Faye Abdellah
Faye Abdellah received her nursing education at Fitkin Memorial Hospital School of Nursing, Nepture, N. J. and graduated in 1942. She then went on to study chemistry at Rutgers School prior to obtaining her Bachelor of Scientific research, Master of Arts, and Doctor of Education levels from the Teacher’s College of Columbia University or college, N. Y. Retrieved via http://fayeabdellah.blogspot.com/p/backgroud-publications.html
Viewpoint of nursing jobs
According to Meleis, her philosophy of nursing involves the use of solving problems approach to deal with 21 distinctive problems associated with needs of patients.
She explained a problem as a condition faced by the sufferer for which a nurse can assist, overtly and covertly. This is certainly done by preventative care (to include health, safety, workout, rest, sleep, and human body mechanics), sustenal care (psychological), remedial proper care (oxygen, fluid, nutrition, and elimination), and then restorative treatment (coping while using illness and life adjustment). Meleis, A. I. (2012), p. 162-164.
Definition of medical
“Nursing is dependent on an art and science that moulds the attitudes, intellectual competencies, and technical skills of the individual health professional into the desire and capacity to help people, sick or very well, cope with all their healthneeds mentioned previously by Faye Abdellah in her Twenty-one Nursing Concerns theory (1960).
Goal/purpose of theory
To help the individual or perhaps patient meet health needs and adapt to their health problems. Meleis, A. I. (2012), p. 164.
Interaction theorist Hildegard Peplau
Hildegard Peplau graduated from the diploma breastfeeding program Pottstown, PA in the year 1931 and proceeded to be a staff nurse. Peplau then was recommended to work as a college nurse by Bennington College located in Vermont. While operating there your woman earned her Bachelor’s Level in Sociable Psychology in 1943. After that she went on to earn her Master’s and Petulante degrees via Teacher’s School of Columbia University. Furthermore she became certified in psychoanalysis through the William Alanson White colored Institution of New York Town. Retrieved from http://nursing-theory.org/nursing-theorists/Hildegard-Peplau.php
Idea of nursing jobs
Peplau’s viewpoint of breastfeeding focused on taking energy emotional disturbances such as anxiety and tension to define understanding with individuals and cope with the problem available. She felt the desired goals of breastfeeding included developing patients individuality to make condition an eventful experience. Your woman felt nursing staff need to develop problem-solving expertise via the social process (educational, therapeutic, and collaborative).
Definition of nursing
Peplau’s concept and view of nursing is that it is a beneficial, interpersonal, aim oriented procedure that is a curing art. This involves recognizing and assisting the patient (individual who is sick or looking for health care) in achieving a common aim. This requires the nurse and patient to generate a relying relationship using orientation, identification, exploitation, and resolution (the phases of growing an interpersonal relationship). Meleis, A. I. (2012), p. 165-166. She identified the many functions that nursing staff must ingest order to have a significant relationship withpatients and that nursing staff must be familiar with relationship to provide good care.
Goal/purpose of theory
The ultimate aim of Peplau’s theory was going to understand the concepts of interpersonal relationships between your nurse and patient in order to facilitate find solutions to problems skills. This is certainly to be made by using education and positive interactions. She went on to clarify the seven nursing functions (stranger, source, teacher, counselor, surrogate, and technical expert). These jobs can be applied in different scenarios to provide the very best care conceivable and target attainment. Recovered from http://nursing-theory.org/theories-and-models/peplau-theory-of-interpersonal-relations.php
Outcomes theorist Callista Roy
Sis Callista Roy graduated with her initial degree; Bachelor of Arts in Breastfeeding from Support St . Mary’s College in California in 1963. After that in 1966, she went on to obtain her Master’s Degree in Pediatric Nursing through the University of California. In addition she received a Master’s Degree in Sociology in 1973 and Doctoratal degree in Sociology in 1977. Retrieved by http://nursing-theory.org/nursing-theorists/Sister-Callista-Roy.php
Philosophy of nursing jobs
From the things i can see via Roy’s writing’s she feels that the concentrate of the nursing to her is a give attention to clients’ stimuli and the effect it has on them for version. Adaption methods include physiologic, self-concept, position function, and interdependence. Desired goals of nursing jobs include endorsing these changes/adaption in the previously discussed areas by way of manipulating the stimuli (focal, residual, and contextual) by way of positive dealing. ). Meleis, A. We. (2012), s. 169-172.
Meaning of nursing
Pedicuro Roy is known to believe that breastfeeding is a approach to knowledge based on theory that views the client (sick or potentially sick) as a biopsychosocial being. Customers adapt to improvements within their environment and as nurses we provide proper care through the nursing jobs process to help promoteadaption to state of health. In order to do this we must make certain that the client have got effective dealing mechanisms and responses to avoid disruption in the integrity from the client.
Goal/purpose of theory
The target and aim of Roy’s theory is to showcase client version by nursing jobs interventions including facilitation of adaptive duties via counseling, effective nurse-client communication, health education, energetic manipulation, support, and by determining resources for your customer. Roy declares that by simply adapting that the patient can then be freed pertaining to “him to respond to additional stimuli which may be present The Roy version model: Review (as placed by Meleis, A. I actually. (2012), g. 494.
Caring/Human Becoming theorist Rosemarie Parse
Rosemarie Parse initially was educated in Duquesne University or college of Pittsburgh. She then went on to get her MSN and Ph. Deb. from the University of Maryland.
Philosophy of nursing
The goal of nursing to Parse is apparently co-creating that means and locating way of becoming. This is made by not centering on the illness or perhaps problem in alone, but by simply transforming in new ways purposely through the individual universe process. Nurses are to illuminate which means, synchronize rhythms and mobilize transcendence by connecting and truly understanding and staying present with patients. Decision making is done with the patient and nurse. Meleis, A. I actually. (2012), s. 172-174.
Meaning of nursing
Parse’s definition of medical is that this can be a human science and art that uses knowledge to help clients. Nurses should not focus on fixing problems, but rather view the patient all together living encounters through all their environment which help them develop. She is convinced that rns must help guide patients co-create their own into the deal with condition.
Goal/purpose of theory
The goal or perhaps purpose of Parse’s Human Turning into Theory of Nursing is to focus of the caliber of life from each separate person’s point of view. It does not give attention to bio-medical or bio-psycho-social-spiritual strategies as with mosttheories, but instead views the individual as a person and combination of all factors. Retrieved via http://nursing-theory.org/nursing-theorists/Rosemarie-Rizzo-Parse.php
Certainly with all of the previously mentioned listed schools of thought and have integrated each during my own personal nursing jobs care practice. Abdellah thoughts that medical is centered on problem solving on the needs of patients in order to assist these people in repairing health will be near and dear to my center. Depending on the field you work in this can include a multitude of loves you. I personally work mainly in obstetrics and medical aesthetics.
In the obstetric realm I provide proper care to help individuals have a happy and healthier delivery of your child while in my medical spa my goal is help consumers improve their aesthetic appearance, thus helping these people feel more attractive and confident. Have a goal, though widely different. This school of thought mostly is incorporated in my obstetric attention as I assist patients to know and incorporate preventative proper care, sustenal proper care, remedial treatment, and obviously restorative care getting a parent is a huge adjustment anytime.
Peplau brought out the importance of creating a therapeutic interpersonal romance with sufferers in order to help their abilities in coping with the problem at hand. Peplau’s interaction school of thought is also very congruent with my own nursing philosophy as I feel it is of upmost importance to build an excellent trusting social relationship with patients/clients whatever area of nursing one is employed in. Without doing so, the patient/client will not consider and trust what we are attempting to accomplish with them. The case of birthing a child and learning how to take care of them is an extremely personal method where the nurse-client relationship features upmost importance. Also in aesthetics your customer must feel comfortable with me as a nurse to be able to trust me in helping them obtain their desired goals.
Roy’s theory is seeding in the results school of thought which is also easy to combine into nursing jobs care because adaption is required with all processes of life. As nurses we really do support our clients adjust to their healthstatus and can aid them to turn into able to care for themselves separately. In obstetrics parents must adapt to having and tending to a newborn newborn. The mom has been through months of adaption to being pregnant, now must instantly step into a brand new role that is certainly often times intimidating and perplexing! As a registered nurse I was responsible to ensure that they are prepared and adapting to this change prior to discharge.
Lastly the caring/human becoming school of thought is just about the most employed type of grand theory that we personally work with. Parse highlights that we must not focus on “fixing the problem, but concentrate on the entire patient which includes experiences resided and how it has helped these people evolve. Basically we must think of the patients’ quality of life, specifically from the patients’ point of view. This could be applied in most fields of nursing even as we strive to support patients have quality of life that they want and deserve.
In summary I’d like to feel that as a doctor I practice from a variety of theories to include the best, quality care possible for patients no matter what the purpose of treatment may be. I try to customize my strategies taking into account their very own medical history, environment, and relatives. Nursing is definitely ever changing therefore is the individual population. We must as nursing staff continue to inform ourselves and evolve as time passes, never becoming stagnant.
Abdellah, F. G., Beland, I. I., Matn, A., & Matheney, 3rd there’s r. V. (1960). Patient-centered approaches in medical. New York: Macmillan. Meleis, A. I. (2012). Theoretical Medical Development & Progress, 6th Edition. Philadelphia, PA: Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. http://fayeabdellah.blogspot.com/p/backgroud-publications.html http://nursing-theory.org/theories-and-models/peplau-theory-of-interpersonal-relations.php http://nursing-theory.org/nursing-theorists/Hildegard-Peplau.php http://nursing-theory.org/nursing-theorists/Rosemarie-Rizzo-Parse.php http://nursing-theory.org/nursing-theorists/Sister-Callista-Roy.php