Methods of Phonological Analysis.
The Main Trends inside the Phoneme Theory It is generally acknowledged that the phoneme is among the basic vocabulary units. However , it is referred to by distinct scholars and representatives of various linguistic educational institutions in different ways. Before we look at the most significant theories, lets say a fast word around the history of phonological studies and mention the names of excellent scholars who contributed to the understanding of this kind of complicated dialect phenomenon. Almost 50 years ago there made an appearance the apparent new phonology which was targeted at explaining just how speech is really produced and understood by humans.
Generative phonology showed by a famous American linguist N. Chomsky viewed phonology in close connection with format and semantics. The ideas of generative phonology were represented available by Chomsky and Meters. Halle Requirements Pattern of English. Classical static phonological models had been aimed at creating classifications from the sound system of the particular terminology. Dynamic models were geared towards establishing the sound pattern of an utterance on such basis as its semantic and grammar characteristics.
Right now lets try to group these kinds of schools in bigger groups and see what is the main criterion in the way of language specialists to the phoneme. In fact , the main criterion is definitely three facets of the phoneme. Some language specialists exaggerate this aspect of the phoneme and ignore the materials aspect. Others, on the contrary, pay more attention to the fabric aspect and ignore the fuzy one. We have to admit that no theories ignore the efficient aspect. We. Conceptions that pay attention to the subjective aspect. Relating to mentalistic and emotional view, the phoneme is an ideal mental graphic, it doesnt exist objectively, it is available only inside the mind of the speaker. Actual speech appears are not perfect realization from it. These beliefs were portrayed by Baudauin de Courtenay and by Sommerfelt. II. Conception that can be referred to as functional mainly because special focus is given for the ability with the phoneme to differentiate this is. III. The group worried about the material element.
The physical view symbolized by Daniel Jones and B. Bloch regards the phoneme because the group of related seems. In other words the phoneme is known as a mechanical quantity of their allophones. So , similarity between sounds is considered the main criterion for attributing them to a particular phoneme. We see that the staff of this procedure ignore the subjective and useful aspect of the phoneme. 1) to establish distinctivedifference between sounds, that is to ascertain relevant features 2) to produce the products on hand of the phonemes and build the phonemic system of a language.