Pope St . John Paul II (Latin: Ioannes Paulus II, Italian: Giovanni Paolo II, Shine: Jan PaweÅ‚ II, created Karol JÃ³zef WojtyÅ‚a,[a] Shine: [ËˆkarÉ”l ËˆjuzÉ›v vÉ”jËˆtÉ¨wa],[b] 18 May possibly 1920 ” 2 Apr 2005) offered as Père of the Catholic Church and sovereign from the Vatican Metropolis from 78 to 2006. He is known as Saint Steve Paul the truly great by several Catholics.
He was elected by the second Papal conclave of 1978, that has been called after Pope Ruben Paul My spouse and i, who had been elected in August to succeed Pope Paul VI, died after thirty-three days. Primary WojtyÅ‚a was elected around the third time of the assemblée and used his precursors name in tribute to him. John Paul II is recognized as helping to end Communist rule in his native Belgium and eventually all Europe. John Paul 2 significantly superior the Catholic Churchs relations with Judaism, Islam, the Eastern Orthodox Church, as well as the Anglican Accord. He maintained the Churchs teachings about such matters as artificial contraception and the ordination of ladies, but also supported the Churchs Second Vatican Council and its reconstructs. He was one of the most travelled world leaders in history, visiting 129 countries during his pontificate.
As part of his unique emphasis on the universal phone to holiness, he beatified 1, 340 people and canonised 483 saints, more than combined tally of his predecessors throughout the preceding five centuries. By the time of his death, he had named almost all of the College of Cardinals, consecrated or co-consecrated a large number of the worlds bishops, and ordained many priests. A key target of John Pauls papacy was to change and reposition the Catholic Church. His wish was going to place his Church at the heart of a fresh religious alliance that would gather Jews, Muslims and Christian believers in a wonderful religious multitude. John Paul II was your second longest-serving pope in modern background after Père Pius IX, who dished up for nearly thirty-two years via 1846 to 1878. Created in Especially, John Paul II was the first non-Italian pope because the Dutch Père Adrian NI, who served from 1522 to 1523.
Steve Paul IIs cause for canonisation commenced in 2005 30 days after his death with all the traditional five-year waiting period waived. About 19 12 , 2009, David Paul II was proclaimed Venerable by simply his replacement, beneficiary Pope Benedict XVI and was beatified on one particular May 2011 (Divine Mercy Sunday) following the Congregation pertaining to the Causes of New orleans saints attributed one particular miracle to his intercession, the healing of a France nun coming from Parkinsons disease. A second miracle attributed to David Paul IIs intercession was approved in 2 July 2013, and confirmed by Pope Francis two days later (two wonders must be related to a persons canal to be declared a saint). John Paul II was canonised upon 27 The spring 2014 (again Divine Mercy Sunday), along with Pope John XXIII.
On 10 September 2014, Pope Francis added Steve Paul IIs optional memorial service feast time to the globally General Both roman Calendar of saints, in response to throughout the world requests. It is traditional to signify saints feast days within the anniversary with their deaths, but that of David Paul 2 (22 October) is commemorated on the anniversary of his papal inauguration.