Kurt Cobain; his personal record, substance abuse history and a description with the interventions this individual attempted in order to decrease or eliminate his substance make use of. A description concerning the circumstances of Cobain’s untimely end can be followed by an application of relevant habit and change guidance to identification Cobain’s “journey through the periods of in order to addiction” and provide the basis for a great individualized urge prevention treatment solution. Finally, evidence concerning just how this treatment through the phases of change model might have worked with this kind of celebrity considering his personal background is followed by a summary of the investigation and essential findings regarding Cobain and addition treatment and urge prevention in the conclusion.
Assessment and Debate
Biography of Kurt Cobain
Kurt Cobain was born upon February 20, 1967 in Aberdeen, Washington (Mustian, 2014). According to one biographer, “Kurt Cobain dragged (screaming) the Alternative/Grunge Rock revolution in to the American home” (Dean, 2003). With his Seattle-based band, Paradis (a Buddhist term which means to “extinguish desire”), Cobain released “Smells Like Young Spirit” in December 1991 which was therefore voted the No . you Song from the 1990s within an October 2000 VH-1 vote (Dean, 2003). A chain of various other major recording hits, including “Come As You Are” plus the “Nevermind” recording followed (Dean, 2003) which usually sold more than 10 , 000, 000 copies (Ali, 2002).
The band members of Élysée included Cobain playing the guitar great “strident, angst-glutted, and tormented vocal wail, ” Chris Novoselic on the bass, guitarist Jason Everman and Chad Channing and Dave Grohl, both drummers, who most hailed by Aberdeen, Washington, the most overcast city inside the contiguous Us (Dean, the year 2003, p. 455). A graphic of the chain-smoking Cobain along with his signature cigarette (he ceased smoking ahead of his death) and acoustic guitar is offered in Number 1 under.
Figure 1 ) Kurt Cobain
In 1992, Cobain married Courtney Appreciate, soon had a baby girl and his carrying out career looked like enormously encouraging at the time (Dean, 2003). As an example, Dean records that, “Cobain was a child with wonderful promise, a charismatic personality, and a brilliant and satrical wit” (2003, p. 455). Following a suicide watch following one lost attempt, Cobain committed committing suicide with a self-inflicted gunshot in April almost 8, 1994 at 27 years in his Seattle home (Dean, 2003). In respect to Leader (2003), “A whole audio movement mourned its innovator and spokesman” (p. 455), but not all observers had been of a just like mind on this factor. For instance, Karion? (1994) reports that, “Many fans believed Cobain was less a great icon pertaining to his technology and more a great addict whom tried to conquer his depressive disorder with heroin and deserted a young daughter” (p. 10).
Notwithstanding this kind of unsympathetic perspective, though, virtually all journalists had written of Cobain’s death in reverent conditions following his suicide and widely identified his input to the grunge musical genre and talent as a performer (Dean, 2003). These combined views regarding Cobain are not surprising given the fact that although he previously much opting for him, his personal life and substance abuse had been a way to obtain major concern. Indeed, Ali (2002) highlights that, “Anyone who thought Cobain was an easy browse probably had not been a Nirvana fan” (p. 60). Inspite of not being “an easy go through, ” Cobain did give several warning signs that are characteristic of suicides. For example , besides a failed committing suicide attempt, Ali also records that Cobain wrote in the journal that, “Hope We die just before I change into Pete Townshend” and adds that, “The tragedy is definitely, he got his wish” (2002, p. 60). These warning signs could have been used to develop an involvement that might have already been effective in preventing him from choosing his own life and these issues happen to be discussed even more below.
Using Addiction and Change Guidance to Kurt Cobain
Although the certain reasons for anybody suicide will be unique, there are some factors involved with Cobain’s qualifications that are salient with respect to his suicide in 1994. As an example, Cobain’s hometown, Aberdeen, Wa, has the place’s highest suicide rate which can be attributed mostly to the ominous atmosphere created by continual rain and 300 gloomy days each year (Dean, 2003). Despite his wealth and seeming success otherwise, a lot of biographers maintain that Cobain was faced with some significant challenges and dilemmas in the career that may have contributed to his committing suicide. For instance, besides being via a hometown with the nation’s highest suicide rate, Burnett (1995) reports that, “Cobain hated the very fact that frat boys were cranking his songs for kegger parties. These were the sort of timeless, bullying nobodies who would possess pummeled on earth out of him wonderful friends in high school if you are weird” (p. 215). Additionally, Cobain’s documenting and performance achievement created one more professional problem for him. In this regard, Burnett (1995) suggests that, “It was an difficult tightrope: publishing angstful music when he was a millionaire, trying to write tunes which could hardly be co-opted by company rock and teeny-boppers, while at the same time avoiding these types of very pretensions” (p. 215).
Although some experts were alarmed by Cobain’s mental status, particularly consideringg his substance abuse and pursuing his failed suicide strive, others managed that rather than being a suicide-waiting-to-happen, Cobain was in fact a well-adjusted child, especially offered his celebrity status lending further support to the “not an easy read” characterization. For example , Hansen (2012) notes, “Some journalists dedicated to his personal concerns and anxieties that led very neatly to a committing suicide, while others published that Cobain was happy and looking to his future” (p. 267). It is also popular that a lot of observers thought that Cobain was much more humble about his accomplishment than to the outside appearances may suggest and did not perspective his lifestyle as being beneficial. As Ali (2002) points out, “Cobain hardly ever thought having been worth just as much as we did” (p. 60).
Despite the combined views about Cobain’s qualifications, his “journey through the phases of in order to addiction” coming from first being disinterested to becoming involved finally becoming addicted can be readily understood by an application of the addition and change guidance provided in chapter some. For example , in accordance to this authority, “The road to dependency begins with an individual’s contact with the behavior and with personal views regarding the value of engaging in the behavior” (p. 68). Given the “impossible tightrope” that confronted Cobain in the personal and professional lives, the levels of his addictive habit can be related to these challenges and his attempt to respond through substance abuse. On this factor, chapter some adds that, “Risk factors represent problems and issues in various parts of functioning that interact with thinking about and engaging inside the addictive behavior” (p. 69). This statement is consonant with the articles of a notification Cobain composed to his fans in 1992 carrying out a stay in a rehabilitation middle that had not been released till 2002, eight years after his death. In the letter, Cobain discussed his make use of heroin to treat an “uncomfortable stomach condition” thusly (typographical errors will be left intact):
So after protein beverages, becoming a veggie, exercise, halting smoking, and doctor after doctor I decided to relieve my personal pain with small doasage amounts of heroine for a walloping 3 entire weeks. That served being a band-aid for a while but then the pain returned so I quit. It was a stupid action to take and Unwell never do it again and I feel real sorry for anyone who thinks they can use heroine as a treatments because 1, duh, this don’t operate. (cited in Inside Cobain’s Heroin Letter Never Delivered, 2002, pra. 4)
Unfortunately, Cobain’s obsession with heroin overrode his explained commitment to his supporter and large amounts of the medication were present in his program following his suicide (Inside Cobain’s Heroin Letter Under no circumstances Sent, 2002). Furthermore, substantially absent from your analyses regarding Cobain’s death are says of the needs of fatherhood on young men and the tremendous pressures this could create in their lives (Baskerville, 2004). Irrespective of his wealth, it is sensible to suggest that Cobain experienced these types of complications in his own life too in ways that contributed to his substance mistreating behaviors.
Once again, although every situation is different, people often go through five stages of change as they attempt to resolve their craving as set forth in Table 1 listed below together with related tasks and goals for each and every.
Five Phases of Change, Tasks and Goals
Precontemplation: The stage in which there is minimum consideration of change with the current routine of patterns in the foreseeable future.
Maximize awareness of requirement of change, enhance concern about the current routine of tendencies, envision possibility of change.
Severe consideration of change in this behavior.
Consideration: The level wherein the individual examines the current pattern of behavior plus the potential for enhancements made on a risk-reward analysis.
Examination of the advantages and disadvantages of the current behavior and the costs and benefits of modify. Decision-making.
A considered evaluation that leads