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As early as 2600 BC, games are widespread part of human experience and present in most countries while part their cultures. Games are usually pertaining to enjoyment, amusement, and sometimes applied as educational tool. Important components of game titles are desired goals, rules, problem, and discussion. Games generally involve mental and physical stimulation, and frequently both. Online games can take a variety of forms, by competitive sports activities to board games and video games. Among the famous game is the Chess which is a mind of game and technique.

The Regal Game of Ur, Senet, and Mancala are some of the oldest well-known board online games (“Game, 2011). In the Thailand, Filipinos have many traditional video games. Games that commonly perform by children usually using native elements or musical instruments. Among these games happen to be Patintero, Tumbang Preso, Syatong, Sipa, Turumpo, Chinese Garter, Luksong Tinik, Luksong Baka, and Sungka. Most of the online games started in countryside province at the turn of the 20th 100 years, and taken to the city and surrounding suburbs role inside the early 1950’s.

Classic games a new socializing the Filipino community. According to Armando Malay, one of the first Filipinos to record traditional in the area through his book Game titles of the Thailand, “Filipinos want to play games, 1 index to their sociability.

Online games bring close relatives together following their individual chores have already been done in the area; they strengthen the ties that combine families.  But classic Filipino video games are gradually getting lost. Since today’s children are becoming a growing number of adept with technology, spending more occasions with their electronic gadgets and even obtaining their own accounts in social networking sites, the less they are able to perform outdoors. Nevertheless the popularity of a lot of the country’s traditional games has become diminishing possibly decades back. In her book “A Study of Philippine Games, Mellie Leandicho Lopez has quoted At the. Arsenio Manuel as frequently lamenting in his series in traditional games publish in Sunday Reflect Magazine by 1960 to 1961 that “Philippine games are disappearing (Benosa, 2009). One of the classic Filipino game titles that are rarely played today is the video game ofSungka. Sungka, one of the online games popular not just in kids but adult as well Filipinos think it is enjoyable particularly in the rural areas to spend period with. Intended for as long as anyone can remember, there has always been a Sungka board in the Filipino.

Sungka can be popular traditional board game in the Philippine alternative of a generally distributed family of board games called Mancala. Mancala is the name of a family of similar panel games played on panels consisting of rows of hollows or perhaps cups, into which seeds, shells, stones or related objects happen to be sown. It is also known as Count and Get Game. It truly is one of the most well-known board online games in existence and in addition on of the very most widespread games being discovered all over the world. Mancala is known to go as far back at least 1400 years before the birthday of Christ. Most historians believe Mancala originated from ancient Egypt. Form Egypt, the game propagate to the close by areas of The african continent and the Central East with whom Egypt has control relations. By 600 AD, Mancala began to spread further eastward in Asia. Mancala was tiny known in Europe till 19th century. And it absolutely was finally brought to the New Universe during the time of the slave operate. The documented history of Mancala in Southeast Asia dates back to the seventeenth century. The first written sources on this occasion provided enough detail to distinguish it as being a Mancala video game.

It is likely that Mancala games been around much earlier but the lack of rules makes such ideas only speculative. The excellent feature of Mancala game titles in Southeast Asia is definitely the inclusion of each player’s shop, which is increase the size of hole each and every of the panel, among the holes in which desks are placed. Many variant of Mancala in Southeast Asia are played out by two people only. The set of rules is distributed by the players in Philippines and Malaysia the game is known as Congkak or perhaps Dakon, where it is enjoyed on two rows of 3 with about two lines of nine or even more holes with two holes with two stores at each end. The number of holes per row varies from up to 3 up to eight or even more. In Maldives, the game is called Ohvalhu, which means “the game of eight hole. Boards with rows of half a dozen and 10 holes happen to be popular inside the Maldives. And lastly, there is a game best known because Sungka in the Philippines that exclusively played out on two rows of eight (Voogt, 2010). Sungka was initially described by the Jesuit priest Father Jose Sanchez in the dictionary from the Bisay vocabulary (Cebuano) in 1692 as Kunggit.

Daddy Jose Sanchez who had appeared on the Israel in 1643 wrote that at the game was enjoyed seashells on the wooden, boat-likeboard. It was initial described outside of Asia in 1894 by the American ethnologist Stewart Culin as Chuncajon (“Sungka Wikimanqala, 2011). As for the origin with the term ‘sungka’, researchers discovered traces of a similar video game at a stream in Indonesia. The stream, well known to travelers as the Red Riv, is called sonka by early on Asians. The idea maintains the fact that Sungka video game Filipinos understand today may have been brought by Indonesians when they migrated to the Thailand (“Sungka WikiPilipinas’, 2010). Sungka is indeed a Philippine mancala game, which can be traditionally played out on a block of woo or game-board called sungkahan (As demonstrated on Number 1).

Physique 1 . zero: Sungka Table

The board is usually shaped such as a boat and consists of two rows of several small holes called properties (bahay), and extra large shop hole which known as head (ulo) for either end with the board for the captured stones or perhaps shells. A person owns their grocer hole to his kept. Sungka is known as a game of skill in calculation performed commonly by simply women and kids. It is a two game, sit on the both side of the board around from each other. Ninety-eight shells or comparable counters are used. Each fills the small holes with several shells every single, leaving your head empty. The goal should be to store as many shells as is possible in their significant store slots.

In today’s modern tools, many traditional board video games are now offered as computer games, which can range from the computer itself as one of the participant r because sole opposition. Many online games were created and become digital and digital games. You will discover existing hypotheses and research on how to develop computerized and electronic video games. Specialists offer a computer program that can resolve the problem of computerized and electronic online games and they referred to as it Manufactured Intelligence Software (Cruz ainsi que. Al., 2011). Artificial Intelligence is the subset of computer scientific research concerned with making computers behave in ways that resemble brilliant human tendencies (Radlow, 1986). In late 1955, Newell and Simon created The Logic Theorist, regarded by many to be the first AI program. The actual applications of Unnatural Intelligence are abundant. That they stretch from the military for autonomous control and concentrate on identification, to the entertainment market for video games and automatic pets. Video game have performed an important function inArtificial intellect because game play is considered as typically clever task, yet also because games often form a closed environment with limited possibilities and clearly define rules. The most famous result of AI in video games is of study course the fact that computers today can enjoy chess at grandmaster level.

In competitive race among computer-chess courses, many methods have been created that are right now being applied to regular foundation in other parts of AI and computer technology. The group of Mancala games has been introduced in Unnatural Intelligence fairly early, though most studies restricted to just two games: Kalah and Awari. The overall game of Kala is modern day, commercial alternative of Mancala. It was released in the 1950s with a firm referred to as “The Takluk Game Company owned by W. J. Champion. In 1960, an initial computerized variation of the game was created and many other followed. Kalah has been analyzed as early as 1964 by Rich Russel. This individual wrote an application, called KALAH that actually can play the overall game. In late 1960s, A. G. Bell wrote another system that could learn in some way from your errors. A year later, Slagle and Dixon (1969, 1970) utilized the game of Kalah to illustrate an additional algorithm for playing games. Employing some of the advanced techniques that had been developed intended for chess, irving, who is a great undergraduate scholar at Caltech University, found the successful strategy for Kalah. The smaller cases of Kalah had been solved by considering create position that actually can come up during a video game of Lose.

Database had been created in which every placement and its game-theoretic value will be stored. The bigger instances of Takluk were resolved by video game tree search. For these circumstances, only earning strategy in the opening situation is known explicitly. The program is however able to find an optimum strategy for every single position which could occur throughout a game of Kalah. The other mancala game that gained interest from AI game researchers is Awari. This game is played in West Africa and the West Indies. The interest in Awari started out the AJE community by construction of a program referred to as “OLITHIDION and has been growing steadily after that. The game of Awari is a only mancala gamed that is played using the pc Olympiad. This can be an event by which all sort of computer programs compete in many classical game like Mentally stimulating games, Checkers, and Go, although also in new and artificial online games like Hex and Lines of Action.

The truth that a student has resolved Kalah, a number of competing clubs of AI researchers were still not able to solve Awari despite the seriousefforts done in this effort. In the competition for resolving Awari, one method of the taking part teams is build large end-game directories. These databases contain for a huge number of panel positions just how many surfaces can be captured and which in turn move is a good to play. The team of Lincke (2000) built the directories that contain most board positions with thirty-five or significantly less counters still in perform. It is certain it is not possible to create a finish database using possible positions. The requirement is that shortly the game forest search from your starting position and the end-game database can meet in the middle (Donkers ainsi que. Al., and. d. ). This study is intended to design and create a Android Sungka game linked to other mancala games. By adapting classic games in computerize version, the experts can protect some of the country’s heritage and culture when making it interesting for the next technology.

Significant from the Study

The significant of the Android Sungka Game will gain the following: Towards the Players. It help them to boost their technique and skills and at same time to take pleasure in the game. For the Public. The introduction of this game will enable the public to be aware of the Philippine game of Sungka. For the Developers. This help them to develop and develop a program just like traditional game in relation to study regarding Artificial Cleverness. To the various other Researcher. This kind of study will be a guide to the other researchers to a larger research about computer games with regards with Man-made Intelligence System and will inspire developing other computer games motivated by Philippine games.

Range and Delimitation

The Android Sungka game limits by itself as a single-player and dual-player game. To get single-player video game the computer (which is the AI) is the opposition of the participant while for the dual-player game it is Human VS Human. AI will surely test the player’s expertise and strategy to win the sport. Definition of Conditions

Android ” is a Linux-based Operating system designed primarily fortouchscreen mobile just like smartphones and tablet computers, produced by Google in conjunction with the Open handset Alliance. Android os Software Development kit (SDK) ” features a variety of equipment that enable you to develop cellular application to get the Android os platform. Over shadow ” Does a Multi-language creation environment consist of an integrated development environment (IDE) and an extensible connect to System. It is written mainly in Java. It can be used to develop applications in Java and, by means of several plug-in, various other programming languages. Java Expansion kit (JDK) ” is an Oracle Corporation item aimed at Java developers. Considering that the introduction of Java, it has been by far the most widespread Java Application Development system (SDK). Emulator ” is actually a software application that could accurately imitate another computer system, mobile phones, unit or even game machine and run software from that computer.

SDK Administrator ” the Android SDK separate equipment, platform, and other components into packages you may download making use of the SDK Director. Android Digital Device (AVD) ” can be used to configure Android’s emulator to unnaturally represent an actual mobile gadget. An AVD modelled to the specification of any real cellular device permits developers to evaluate their android os applications for your device. AVD Manager ” The AVD Manager supplies a graphical User interface when you can create and deal with Android Digital Devices (AVDs), which are required by the Android Emulator.

Dalvik ” is the process online machine (VM) in Google’s Android os. It is the software program that works the applications on Android devices.

Objective of the Examine

The main objective of this study is to develop an Android Sungka Game. Particularly, the study provides the following targets:

Chapter a couple of


This kind of chapter gives a review of related literature that read by theresearchers which usually served since basis is performing their examine. Furthermore, the literature review helped the researchers inside the development of the present project. Related Literature

Android os among Smartphone’s

Android os among Mobile phone was selected as the point platform of the application, we all devoted this chapter showing its place among competition, and perhaps shine a light about why we chose it. Early Years of Smartphone

The Smartphone industry started together with the Symbian operating-system, Palm, house windows Smartphone and Blackberry. These types of devises were the first to always be called Mobile phones and correctly so. That they provided bigger than usual displays, often stylus-controlled touch displays, were able to work with email and could even look at web within a limited fashion. Then emerged the Apple iphone. The i phone brought a few key advancements that achieved it a hit. Above all it, which used capacitive touchscreen, a touchscreen controlled by a finger, which the frequently and uneasy stylus. The whole interface was designed to be easily managed by man finger, which makes it the appealing to the customers. The display even supported multi-touch, a great when zooming and navigating website pages for instance. On that note another crucial improvement was your web browser, simply by ArsTechnica then simply described as “far superior to something that we had ever used previous.  And last but not least the iPhone applications that became a huge accomplishment, beneficial for both sides, generating revenue to get Apple, connecting developers to customers and bringing great amounts of software for Users. It began s expansion boom intended for the plat-form which ended in hundreds of thousands of applications.

Android os: The Beginning

Google android is a result of increasing demands in smartphones. initially of smartphones, apart from Glass windows Mobile and partially Symbian, each maker had their propriety operating-system developed for his or her own devices. The Android os came as a result of two causes: 1 . the ever increasing with regard to smartphones, also because if there is certainly unified program used by many companies, both the manufacturers and the customers benefit. Manufacturers don’t have to spend resources in developing high end system, in the case of Android that they don’t have put in any methods at all since it’s totally free, and clients benefit from elevated amount of applications seeing that developers need not port software to each of the numerous platforms.

Android started being a startup firm in Palo Alto, A bunch of states, the birthplace of many computer revolutions. Creation started in the year 2003 and by june 2006 Google bought the project and quicker its tempo. Android is usually powered by simply Linux Kernel. In 3 years ago the new Open Handset Alliance, a consortium of powerful communications companies, aimed at developing wide open standards pertaining to mobile devices, was unveiled. On the same day that they introduced their particular first merchandise, Android. Android 1 . zero was released in September 08.

Related Research

Software designed to support small people’s learning often borrows from video game design in an attempt to replicate the amount of involvement and harness this to facilitate more traditional learning. These kinds of attempts aren’t always powerful and the effects do not always convince a discerning gamer.

Nowadays, the most famous and useful types of cognitive game titles used for education in all-natural sciences happen to be quizzes, puzzles and find solutions to problems games. Game types including word, reasoning, board or problem-oriented video games may use semantically arranged course content material for dynamic exaction of terms, principles, and semantic relationships just like sub-typing, relationship, aggregation, instantiation and habbit.

This research is intended to come up with a game style that can be integrated with relevant learning associated with educational video games that are both engaging and educative.

Research into the use of popular games in education is comparatively novel, lace growing rapidly. Research is generally concerned with the development of related competences and illiteracies during action, or the role of video games in the creation of learning communities both while video gaming or related to game play.

Significantly the experience of game play seems to be affecting learners’ objectives of learning activities. Desired tasks will be fast, effective and exploratory, with details supplied in multiple varieties in seite an seite. Traditional school-based learning may not meet these kinds of demands

When compared with ours the study relates upon some areas of their created project like its concept where you can response the question using a running period. As to expanding our game, we had searched and found a few studies that can help all of us make each of our project better.

The difference with our project when compared to some game titles is that mine is concern with the entertainment, opportunity plus the challenge element.

Conceptual Structure

Mechanics, Aspect and Aesthetics

Video games are created by designers/teams of developers, and consumed by simply players. They may be purchased, employed and eventually cast away similar to most other consumable goods. Game design and authorship happen at various levels, plus the fields of games researcher and development involve persons from various creative and scholarly experience. While it has been necessary to concentrate on one area, everybody, regardless of self-control, will sooner or later need to consider issues outdoors that area: base mechanisms of video game systems, the overarching design and style goals, or the desired experiential results of game play.

Chapter 3


This part discusses the software program development technique, scope and delimitation, data gathering, methods, data gathering instrument and source of data use in the research. This will help the researchers on conducting the research systematically to own study’s objectives.

Software Expansion Methodology

The application development technique use to develop the Android Sungka Game titles is Prototyping. Since, google android games such as the Sungka game requires building and assessment in its expansion. Prototyping is known as a process where a prototype (model) is built, examined, and then remodel as necessary till an acceptable model is finally achieve.

Prototyping has a number of advantages, including reduction of project risk and costs, by breaking a project in to smaller portions and rendering more ease-of-change during the development process. In addition, it requires customer to see and interact with a prototype letting them provide better and more finish feedback and specifications. The iterative structure and trial-and-error process of prototyping is affect design and develop the Android Sungka Game.

The prototyping has the following phases:

Organizing. This phase intends to spot the job goals. Specific project problems and opportunity of necessary solutions will be identify. All of the software product requirements being develop during requirements explanation stage movement from one or maybe more of these desired goals. In this phase, the researcher has established the job goals: to apply the most basic guidelines of the traditional game of sungka towards the android sungka game: to add some features to the video game like having an AI opposition. The research workers aim to develop the game applying Eclipse development language. Requirements Gathering and Analysis. Decide basic requirements including the input and output information desired. Requirements can be a description showing how a system ought to behave on a description of system homes. Required info about the traditional game of sungka happen to be gathered and analyze in this phase. The researchers quite simply acquired advice about the game, the origin, how it is play manually. Also, ask some people especially those whom know the game, about the rules and techniques. The research workers learn to play the sport manually to find out some situations in the game. A few computer games features are researched to be able to apply on the digital sungka video game.


Preliminary design iscreates identifying the structures, components, themes, interfaces, and data pertaining to the system to meet specific requirements. The objective of this kind of phase is to design the solution, defined during the analysis phase. After all certain requirements gathering and analysis, the researchers design and style a simple example of the game, basic program and type of the plank is created. Because shown in Figure M. 4 of Appendix N. Code era. The design has become translated into a machine-readable form. The code generation step performs this. Detailed design could reduce the side-effect of the code generation procedure. Visual Fundamental 6. 0 is the programming language used. Testing. After code technology the software program-testing begins. This will test in the event the program is definitely ready for employ. If other modifications are needed the developer will experience rework. Implemention. If most modification will be satisfied this program is now all set to use. Repair. The software will definitely undergo adjustments; these changes could have an effect on the software operations. Routine protection is accomplish on a ongoing basis in order to maintain good condition.

Data Gathering Techniques

The instrument use for gather the most essential info and details in this research is study. Research is a systematic study or investigation within a field of knowledge to discover or establish specifics or principles. The development procedure involved the following: study in the existing game and how to play the game. The researchers analyzed if the existing manual board game can be computerize and technically possible. The researchers obtained the existing panel game’s device including articles related to this kind of study.

Data Gathering Instruments

The researchers used internet research and books from the Library for collecting info and information needed inside the development of the research. Internet Study

The net was the generally tool intended for the collection of information and beneficial information with regards on the progress the study speciallythe history of Sungka game the traditional game found in the Philippines. The researchers downloaded important articles regarding Sungka game guidelines to attain quite information required. Library Exploration

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Published: 01.20.20

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