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The stoning of sophie essay

“54 When the associates of the Sanhedrin heard this kind of, they were mad and gnashed their teeth in him. 55 But Stephen, full of the Holy Nature, looked up to heaven and saw the glory of God, and Jesus standing at the proper hand of God. 56 “Look, ” he stated, “I find heaven open and the Son of Person standing at the right hand of Our god. ” 57 At this they covered their very own ears and, yelling on top of their voices, they all hurried at him, 58 dragged him out of your city and began to rock him.

At the same time, the witnesses laid all their coats with the feet of your young man called Saul. fifty nine While these were stoning him, Stephen prayed, “Lord Christ, receive my own spirit. ” 60 Then simply he fell on his knees and cried out, “Lord, do not maintain this bad thing against all of them. ” When he had explained this, he fell sleeping. “


Within the stoning of Stephen there are many significant factors that are explained; including many similarities with the fatality of Christ, the meaning of Jesus’ resurrection, plus the significance showing how Stephen is definitely described as drifting off to sleep instead of about to die.

Luke also exhibits the commonalities between Stephen’s speech and stoning to other paragraphs within the holy bible. Stephen’s presentation before his stoning was harsh and honest while using Jewish leaders. Many people do not prefer the truth particularly when they know that they can be in the incorrect, and this prospects many to persecute the ones that spread the fact.

Persecution can be described as major concept of the Acts which is displayed within these passages and will be talked about as to hoe to deal with persecution as a Christian. Many think that the Christian walk should certainly be easy, but if we could truly living for Christ, then we intend to face trials that will allow others to learn also to help them discover or develop Christ. While Christians today it is important to study and figure out relatable stories as well as understand that one will probably be persecuted yet needs to stay strong and the Lord is going to stand solid along side those who stand up for Him.


The circumstances t Stephen’s stoning was the conversation that this individual gave for the members from the Sanhedrin. He recounted a brief history of Moses and his descendants and mentioned all of the moments that they chose to ignore the Lord and persecute leaders which were chosen by simply God. The objective of Stephen’s presentation is not obvious during the beginning recounting of Israel’s history. (Sweeney, 2002) Sophie even gone as far as to indicate the fact that they were and so reluctant to adhere to God that they persecuted and killed normally the one sent to preserve them all, Jesus. 51 “You stiff-necked people! Your hearts and hearing are still uncircumcised. You can be like your forefathers: You always withstand the O Spirit! 52 Was there ever a prophet your ancestors would not persecute? That they even murdered those who expected the coming with the Righteous One.

And now you could have betrayed and murdered him— 53 you who have received the law that was given through angels but have not obeyed it. ” Stephen disorders the associates of the Sanhedrin without any hesitation and insults how they have got conducted themselves in the past, in their dealings with Christians. How that Luke writes about Stephen becoming led in to the Sanhedrin can be parallel to how Jesus was led into the Sanhedrin in Lomaz 22: 66. (Brodie, 1983) There are many similarities throughout Stephen’s speech and stoning which can be parallel for the judgment and crucifixion of Jesus. Because of Stephen staying the first Christian martyr there has been various texts drafted looking into his story.

There are three which were written in Greek in order to further take a look at his persecution, those texts being Passio, Revelatio, and Translatio. All these texts explore something different to ensure that we can get the storyplot in full and learn about new things that Luke may haven�t written about. Passio looks at the martyrdom story, Revelatio is definitely the story of Stephen’s artifacts to Lucian, a clergyman in the little town of Caphar Gamala, the story regarding Stephen’s artifacts being carried from Jerusalem to Constantinople is informed in Translatio. (Bovon, 2005) The most important publication to look at is definitely Revelatio, since it is a go with to Acts 6-8.

Literary Background

Throughout Stephen’s presentation and stoning Luke uses many parallelisms to display the similarities among Christ’s persecution and fatality to the persecution and fatality of Stephen. Luke is very brief in the description with the stoning of Stephen hence the parallelisms jump out and do not get lost within the textual content. Luke also writes Provides for a narrative, for that reason easier to figure out, as well as they can choose to include important information. One crucial bit of information within the text is that, “57 At this they covered their ear and, shouting at the top of their voices, they each rushed by him, 49 dragged him out of the town and started to stone him.

Meanwhile, the witnesses laid their jackets at the foot of a young man named Saul. ” Saul would after become a Christian, taking the identity Paul, nevertheless we fulfill him whilst he is a persecutor in the first Christian martyr. Luke keeps his writing straightforward, which makes it much easier to understand and apply to situations in different times. Revelatio, as stated earlier is a compliment to Acts 6-8, discusses the importance of Stephen’s life, fatality, and funeral service because he can be described as saint through the first technology of Christian believers. (Bovon, 2005)

Literary Evaluation

Although Luke’s writing is basic so that it is not hard to understand and relate to there are plenty of references and similarities this individual makes within just his books that allow for additional investigation and understanding of the term. The first verse that is come across if the stoning of Stephen commences is, “54 When the people of the Sanhedrin heard this, they were mad and gnashed their teeth in him. ” Luke’s wording and terminology within this passageway does a realistic alternative of explaining the anger that the Sanhedrin felt toward Stephen. Stephen clearly upset the people of the Sanhedrin when we accused them of breaking the law, after they were planning to enforce their particular law upon them. (Neil, 1981) It might be assumed that they cut his speech off due to the anger. (Bruce, 1951) Stephen is usually not bothered by their anger because the Ay Spirit can be speaking though him and he sees that he is succeeding by The almighty. Luke continues with, “55 But Sophie, full of the Holy Nature, looked up to heaven and saw the glory of God, and Jesus ranking at the right hand of God. “

Stephen finds strength throughout the Holy Spirit when he recognizes a vision of God enthroned in glory, and Jesus standing by his side. This is an important verse that is describing Christ as position at the correct hand of God; this really is symbolic in lots of ways. Jesus is definitely standing to welcome Stephen into his presence; it is also creating the forgiveness prayer that is said simply by Stephen as he dies, which is also similar to the forgiveness prayer that may be said by Jesus as He was crucified. Outside of the Gospels this passage is definitely the only period that Christ is described as standing. “Look, ” this individual said, “I see nirvana open as well as the Son of Man ranking at the correct hand of God. ” Luke not only repeats that Jesus can be standing in Stephen’s vision, this individual recounts that Stephen addresses of Jesus standing.

Another symbolism at the rear of Jesus ranking is the fact that Jesus will certainly stand for a martyr, including Stephen, because Stephen can be willing to be placed to loss of life for Jesus; just as Christ was crucified for us. Quitting life is the best sacrifice and is also rewarded by Son of Man ranking to welcome those into his presence. “57 At this that they covered their very own ears and, yelling at the top of their voices, they all rushed at him 58 pulled him out from the city and began to stone him. In the meantime, the witnesses laid their particular coats in the feet of your young man called Saul. ” It is difficult for all of us to determine if Stephen’s fatality was an example of lynch law or perhaps as too much jurisdiction for the Sanhedrin. (Bruce, 1951) Stoning was your punishment for blasphemy, yet , after the Sanhedrin pronounced punishment it would in that case need to be ratified by the brain of condition, Pilate. There is certainly never a description in the ratification, thus we do not understand if it is justified or it absolutely was a result of mob violence.

This is also the initially mention of Saul. Saul’s existence is significant because although he was persecuting a Christian at the time, he would end up getting on in the prominent Christians and will change call him by his name to Paul. (Neil, 1981)”59 While these were stoning him, Stephen interceded, “Lord Christ, receive my own spirit. 70 Then he fell in the knees and cried away, “Lord, do not hold this kind of sin against them. ” When he had said this, he dropped asleep. ” Stephen echoes out to ask for forgiveness for the individuals that are stoning him, very much like just how Jesus interceded to His father when being crucified. Luke parallels Stephen’s death to Jesus’ death around the cross. (Munoa, 2002) Lomaz 23: thirty four: “Jesus said, “Father, forgive them, for they do not know what they are doing” And they divided up his clothing by throwing lots. “

There are strong inter-textual associations that exist between death of Jesus and Stephen. A chance to refrain from retaliating in the face of inappropriate violence, it is an ethical superiority of Christianity over Judaism. (Matthews, 2009) Another important part of the closing that Luke uses to describe Stephen’s death is that instead of perishing, Luke identifies it as he fell asleep. This is demonstrating that Stephen i visited peace with the occurrences and is happy going to spend time with the Father, Son as well as the Holy Heart. Sleeping is known as a much more tranquil act than dying. Drifting off to sleep could also be used to symbolize the simple fact that with salvation there is life following death. So it is not actually dying, it can be falling asleep only to wake up with the Father, Child, and the Ay Spirit to invest your eternal life with them.

Within the catalogs Mark through Acts this translation of standing, client name 2705, was used 42 instances. Looking at Lomaz and Acts alone, because Luke was the author of both ebooks, the word stand(ing) appeared almost eight times in the gospel of Luke, and 13 times within Acts. Looking at the 21 moments the Lomaz uses a expression that is translated as standing up, 15 of these have the reference number 2705. This can be a display that Luke was meaning the literal term standing that we understand today. That in Stephen’s vision he saw Jesus standing up at the correct hand of God. Right now there fore we all will be familiar with translation via histemi to standing to mean, straight on the feet or basic: erect. 12-15 of the twenty-one references that Luke makes using the term histemi will be describing an individual standing around someone or in front of persons.


It truly is interesting that Luke makes so many references and displays similarities from so many additional passages, as they could be needing the reader to further study the bible and digest the text so that there exists a better understanding for the points that he attempts to make. Stephen is the initial martyr that we learn of and so although the text message is simple there are plenty of references towards the death of Jesus. These references are due to the fact that Christ was the simply person ahead of Stephen that is persecuted and killed because of their strong morals about Christianity. Jesus and Stephen were also the only ones that would hope for their killer’s forgiveness.


The immediate application of Stephen’s story can be not suitable in today’s American society, because people are not really persecuted by death for their religion or beliefs. However , there is a lot that can be discovered by the sort of forgiveness that is certainly displayed by simply Stephen, because his actions are immediately parallel to Jesus’ action of forgiveness under the same circumstances. Jesus and Sophie both ask for forgiveness for their oppressors during their previous moments. Rather than being angry toward the ones that judged and persecuted him, he made a decision to ask for their particular forgiveness. This can be one of the hardest lessons that we get to learn because Christians.

The most important thing to do as a Christian is always to love. Supportive someone how that is defined in 1 Corinthians 13 is that under any circumstances we are to love unconditionally. Part of that unconditional appreciate is that we must be able to reduce those that cause harm, and wish the best upon them. The best way to make them obtain the ideal is to pray for them and Stephen and Jesus both are a great example of pure love. They are praying for those that happen to be in the process of killing all of them because they will understand the accurate meaning of love and wish to help them obtain salvation within their about to die moments.


Bovon, F. (2005). Beyond the book of Acts: Sophie, the initial Christian martyr, in practices outside the Fresh Testament cannon of

scripture. Points of views In Faith based Studies, 32(2), 93-107. Brodie, T. D. (1983). The accusing and stoning of Naboth (1 Kgs 21: 8-13) together component of the Stephen text message (Acts six: 9-14, Works 7: 58a). Catholic Biblical Quarterly, 45(3), 417-432. Generic, F. Farrenheit. (1951). The acts from the apostles: The greek text with intro and discourse. (2nf impotence., pp. 330-341). Grand Rapids, MI: Grand Rapids Book Manufacturers, Inc. Goodrick, At the. W. (1999). E. Watts. Goodrick (Ed. ), The Strongest NIV Exhaustive Concordance. Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan Publishing Property. Matthews, H. (2009). Clemency as rudeness: forgiveness and force inside the dying praying of Christ and Sophie. Biblical Meaning, 17(1-2), 118-146. Munoa, P. (2002). Jesus, the merkavah, and martyrdom in early Christian tradition. Diary Of Biblical Literature, 121(2), 303-325. Neil, W. (1981). The acts of the apostles. In M. Black (Ed. ), The New Century Holy bible Commentary (pp. 189-193). Grand Rapids, MI: Wm. B. Eerdman Creating Company. Sweeney, J. G. (2002). Stephen’s speech (Acts 7: 2-53): is it while “anti-temple” ones own frequently supposed?. Trinity Log, 23(2), 185-210.


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